TRAM flap


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transverse rectus abdominus musculocutaneous flap

musculocutaneous flap, based inferiorly or (more commonly) superiorly on the deep inferior epigastric or superior epigastric (respectively) arteries that supply the rectus abdominus muscle. Most commonly used to close defects of the trunk or (most commonly) for breast reconstruction. Originated and pioneered by C.R. Hartrampf.
Synonym(s): TRAM flap

TRAM flap

an autogenous myocutaneous flap that uses transverse rectus abdominal muscle (TRAM) to carry lower abdominal skin and fat to the breast for reconstruction. See also myocutaneous flap.
Transverse Rectus Abdominus Myocutaneous Flap. A tissue flap procedure that uses muscle, fat and skin from the abdomen to create a new breast mound after a mastectomy, either as a free—detached—or as a pedicle—attached to its blood supply and tunneled—tissue flap

TRAM flap

Transverse rectus abdominus musculocutaneous flap General surgery A rotated piece of tissue used as an alternative to a prosthesis in post-radical mastectomy reconstructive breast surgery; the operating time and the recovery period is longer, but the cosmetic result is often better

TRAM flap

Abbrev. for transverse rectus abdominis mycocutaneous flap. This is a layered piece of tissue, consisting of skin, muscle, and fat, taken from the abdomen of a woman and used in the reconstruction of her breast after mastectomy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an effort to proactively avoid these complications, together with the TRAM flap reconstruction, Dr.
Abdominal wall strength, bulging, and hernia after TRAM flap breast reconstruction.
This flap is also a good option for thin women who do not have sufficient abdominal tissue to achieve the TRAM flap, but usually requires implant placement in addition to the autologous tissue (8).
During a TRAM flap, the surgeon removes the tissue, fat and the muscle to preserve the major blood supply that runs through the muscle for use in the new breast.
The report summed up: "The conclusion is that the magnitude and duration of the reconstruction by a tram flap directly contributed to the stroke.
In a statement he made following Terry's medical negligence claim he admitted the operation was the first TRAM flap he had carried out.
There was a trend towards a higher risk of fat necrosis in patients who had radiotherapy following a TRAM flap (32%).
More specific applications include: stoma reversal, paraesophageal/hiatal hernia repair, breast reconstruction using pedicled TRAM flap, abdominoperineal resection and abdominal wall reconstruction.
2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Novus Scientific, manufacturer of TIGR[R] Matrix Surgical Mesh , the world's first long-term resorbable (100% absorbable) synthetic mesh, proudly announces the presentation of 12 month TRAM flap data gathered by the Division of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery at NUH Singapore.
All patients in the study will undergo a TRAM Flap, a surgical method using the body's own tissues to reconstruct the breast following a mastectomy, and will receive an ON-Q pump.
The development of this technique was based on the desire to provide natural tissue reconstruction for women lacking the abdominal fatty volume for a routine DIEP or TRAM flap procedure.
James Chao of the University of California San Diego (UCSD) has operated on his first TRAM Flap patient using TIGR Matrix Surgical Mesh.