Abdominal wall strength, bulging, and hernia after TRAM flap
This flap is also a good option for thin women who do not have sufficient abdominal tissue to achieve the TRAM flap
, but usually requires implant placement in addition to the autologous tissue (8).
During a TRAM flap
, the surgeon removes the tissue, fat and the muscle to preserve the major blood supply that runs through the muscle for use in the new breast.
The report summed up: "The conclusion is that the magnitude and duration of the reconstruction by a tram flap
directly contributed to the stroke.
It is important to note that the TRAM flap
operation can be done only once.
Mrs Price, aged 41, from Woodgate Valley, had a mastectomy at the hospital in 1986 and was told two years later she could undergo reconstruction surgery using the so-called TRAM flap
procedure where excess skin, muscle and fat from her stomach wouldbe u sed to rebuild her breast.
The operation Terry was persuaded to have was called a TRAM flap
In total, 199 patients underwent 232 pedicled TRAM flap
Newer versions of the TRAM flap
preserve the abdominal muscle, but they require greater surgical skill and may have a higher complication rate.
The product can be used in several indications, such as paraesophageal/hiatal hernia repair, abdominal wall reconstruction, abdominoperineal resection, stoma reversal and breast reconstruction using pedicled TRAM flap