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the act or process of stimulating; the condition of being stimulated; see also promotion and enhancement.
cognitive stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of awareness and comprehension of surroundings by utilization of planned stimuli.
cutaneous stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain, muscle spasm, or inflammation.
deep brain stimulation (DBS) patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.
stimulation/nurturance in the omaha system, activities that promote healthy physical and emotional development.
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (transcutaneous neural stimulation) see transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.


transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
1. use of a battery-powered device to relieve acute and chronic pain. Electrodes attached to the skin transmit electrical impulses, which produce a mild tingling, tapping, or massaging sensation. Reasons postulated for the effectiveness of this method include interruption of pain impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system, increased production of endorphins, and improved blood supply to the affected part. Increased circulation encourages healing and helps reduce muscle spasm. A second generation TENS unit called The Pain Suppressor is also available; it produces an electrical current but water is used as a conducting substance, it is not attached to the skin, and the patient does not perceive the electrode current. Treatments are administered several times per day. TENS is an alternative to drugs for the management of pain and can be used in a variety of conditions. A patient can use it with minimal instruction and may wear it at home as well as in the hospital.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of skin and underlying tissues with controlled, low-voltage electrical vibration via electrodes.
transcutaneous neural stimulation (TNS) transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (def. 1).

Witkop syndrome

A rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia (OMIM:189500) involving the teeth and nails. Most affected individuals have normal hair, sweat glands and ability to tolerate heat, with variable defects in permanent and primary teeth.
Molecular pathology
Defects of MSX1, which encodes a homeobox protein involved in epithelial-mesenchymal signalling that has roles in limb-pattern formation and craniofacial development, cause Witkop syndrome.


transcutaneous neural stimulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite all these challenges TNS will continue to be a leader in supplying a reliable and secure processing solution no matter what the regulatory marketplace dictates.
Participation in key industry events such as The Audience Measurement Symposium supports TNS media's goal of providing critical insight into the minds of consumers to help clients make more effective business decisions.
TNS operates across a global network in over 70 countries, providing internationally consistent, up-to-the-minute and high quality information and analysis.
TNS thinks differently to help clients build a competitive advantage, making TNS the sixth sense of business.
TNS provides rapid, reliable and secure transaction delivery platforms to enable transaction authorization and processing across several vertical markets and trading communities.
TNS Media Research processes Charter's anonymous set top data and allows for next-day analysis through InfoSys, the most widely used media analysis and planning system in the world.
In her new role, Jeni will have an even greater opportunity to share her deep market research insights with our clients and provide exceptional leadership to the entire ABP team," said Kimberly Till, President, TNS North America.
Schwartz, Executive Vice President and General Manager, Financial Services Division, TNS.
We are very pleased that Electronic Payment Exchange has chosen TNS to provide a solid network backbone for its operations," said Heidi Goff, executive vice president and general manager of TNS' Point-of-Sale Division (POS).
As part of its international growth strategy, TNS also announced that its International Services Division acquired JPG Telecom SAS, an end-to-end telecommunications service provider focused on the French point-of-sale market, for $8.
TNS is an excellent company with a high quality, dedicated workforce, outstanding technology and a superb customer base.