synovial sarcoma

(redirected from Synovial cell sarcoma)
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syn·o·vi·al sar·co·ma

a rare malignant tumor of synovial origin, most commonly involving the knee joint and composed of spindle cells usually enclosing slits or pseudoglandular spaces that may be lined by radially disposed epitheliallike cells.

synovial sarcoma

a malignant tumor, composed of synovioblasts, that begins as a soft swelling and often metastasizes through the bloodstream to the lung before it is discovered.

synovial sarcoma

A mesenchymal spindle cell tumour which comprises ±10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. It is most common in young (age 20 to 40) males, and occurs most commonly around the large joints—knee, ankle, foot, 60% in the legs, 23% in upper extremity. However, it can go any place, as cases have been reported in the penis, lung, vulva, abdominal wall, etc.

Prognosis
50% 5-year survival; extensively calcified synovial sarcomas have a higher (84%) 5-year survival; 40% metastasise to lungs, bone-regional nodes.

Good prognostic factors
Children; < 5cm; <10 mitoses/10hpf; no necrosis; complete excision in first attempt.
 
Adverse prognosticators
Older age, larger size (especially, > 35 cm), necrosis, vascular invasion, high Ki-67 index, high-grade nuclei, poorly differentiated areas, known recurrence.

Synovial sarcoma, histologic types
Biphasic
• Distinct epithelial and spindle cell components.
 
DiffDx
Mesothelioma, carcinosarcoma.

Monophasic

DiffDx, Spindle cell type
Malignant peripheral-nerve sheath tumour, schwanoma, solitary fibrous tumour, fasciitis.

DiffDx, Glandular cell type
Any adenocarcinoma.

Poorly differentiated

DiffDx
Ewing sarcoma and other small round cell tumours.

synovial sarcoma

Surgery A mesenchymal malignancy that comprises ±10% of all soft tissue tumors; it is most common in young–age 20-40 ♂, knee, ankle, foot, etc Prognosis 50% 5-yr survival; extensively calcified SSs have a higher–84% 5-yr survival. See Sarcoma, Soft tissue tumors.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) A histologic resemblance has been found between the neural cells of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor and synovial cell sarcoma.
Emily was diagnosed with Synovial cell sarcoma in 2000.
A new phase II trial suggests that an immunotherapy strategy called adoptive cell transfer (ACT) may be effective for patients with metastatic melanoma and synovial cell sarcoma.
He was diagnosed with Synovial Cell Sarcoma two years ago and has already lost an arm and part of a lung which was riddled with 41 tumours.
Results of an intermediate stage clinical trial of several dozen people provides evidence that a method that has worked for treating patients with metastatic melanoma can also work for patients with metastatic synovial cell sarcoma, one of the most common soft tissue tumors in adolescents and young adults.
Her husband of 24 years, actor Robert Urich, was diagnosed with synovial cell sarcoma, a rare form of soft tissue cancer, in 1996.
Seonag who has synovial cell sarcoma, a rare form of cancer said: ``They asked me what I was doing for Christmas.
Urich, 51, underwent chemotherapy, radiation treatments and two operations in the mid-1990s to successfully fight synovial cell sarcoma.
Proceeds from "Kicking for Wishes" will assist the Make-A-Wish Foundation in granting a wish for Kimberly, a local 16-year-old recently diagnosed with Synovial Cell Sarcoma, a rare form of cancer.
Eighteen months ago, Urich was diagnosed with synovial cell sarcoma.
PARIS -- Cytheris SA, a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on research and development of new therapies for immune modulation, today announced the initiation of a Phase I/IIa clinical trial of IL-7 in support of tumor lysate/KLH pulsed dendritic cell vaccines in a pilot study of tumor vaccination in patients with metastatic or recurrent pediatric solid tumors and altered T cell homeostasis, including patients with Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT), rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, synovial cell sarcoma, desmoplastic small round cell tumor, undifferentiated sarcoma, and embryonal sarcoma.
Other terms used to describe this entity are synovial cell sarcoma and malignant synovioma.