classical swine fever

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Related to Swine fever: African swine fever

classical swine fever

A highly infectious, often fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. It occurs worldwide. Also called hog cholera.

classical, classic

the first recognized form of the item; serving as a standard model or guide. See also classical conditioning, east coast fever.

classical conditioning
classical pathway
one of the two pathways of complement activation, initiated by antigen-antibody complexes and involving C1, C2 and C4. It leads to activation of C3 and the terminal pathway. See also alternate complement pathway.
classical swine fever
now the universally accepted name for hog cholera and different from African swine fever (ASF). A highly infectious disease of pigs caused by a pestivirus and characterized in its classical form by high fever, lassitude, purple discoloration of abdominal skin, conjunctivitis and nervous signs including circling, incoordination, tremor and convulsions. Most affected pigs die at 5 to 7 days with a characteristic petechiation under the kidney capsule—turkey egg kidney. There is a second form, characterized by nervous signs and caused by a strain of virus of lower virulence. Other syndromes caused by low virulence strains are reproductive inefficiency and congenital defects including myotonia congenita. Also known as congenital trembles.


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.
References in periodicals archive ?
The post Germany gives free rein to boar hunters to contain swine fever risk appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
Genetic characterization of African swine fever viruses from a 2008 outbreak in Tanzania.
Research has also been renewed to study another pig disease, the deadly African swine fever, that's threatening global economies.
On the other hand, African swine fever is nudging closer to Europe and there is currently no vaccine against this highly contagious vector-borne disease.
Analytical performance of several classical swine fever laboratory diagnostic techniques on live animals for detection of infection.
Among them are viral or bacterial such as, Classical Swine Fever (C S F) which is produced by a Pestivirus (RNA), Togavirus group of the Flaviviridae family, besides African Swine Fever (ASF) produced by an Iridovirus and which has not been diagnosed in Venezuela, according to the literature.
Canine rabies cases in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) have more than doubled over the last 16 months as veterinary services staff are redeployed to the Eastern Cape border to protect the province against swine fever.
The European Commission has been stressing its recent announcements to restrict pigmeat exports from these new members over swine fever concerns and also to block all trade with 387 Romanian meat producers until it is satisfied these foodstuffs are safe.
They run the risk of bringing bird flu, swine fever or other highly contagious diseases with them.
Danish meat producer Danish Crown has closed a slaughterhouse after symptoms of swine fever were reported in one pig.
In addition to FMD, classical swine fever -- formerly known as hog cholera -- would be the most likely biological weapon used to infect hogs.