pectus excavatum

(redirected from Sunken chest)

pectus

 [pek´tus]
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.

pec·tus ex·ca·va·'tum

[MIM*169300] Avoid using the simple word pectus in the special sense of pectus excavatum. Avoid the incorrect phrase pectus excavatus.
A hollow at the lower part of the chest caused by a backward displacement of the xiphoid cartilage.

pectus excavatum

pectus excavatum

 Funnel chest, see there.

pec·tus ex·ca·va·tum

(pek'tŭs eks'kă-vā'tŭm)
A hollow at the lower part of the thorax (chest) caused by a backward displacement of the xiphoid cartilage.
Synonym(s): funnel breast, funnel chest.
Enlarge picture
PECTUS EXCAVATUM

pectus excavatum

A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration
See also: pectus

Pectus excavatum

An abnormality of the chest in which the sternum (breastbone) sinks inward; sometimes called "funnel chest."
Mentioned in: Marfan Syndrome

pectus

[L.] breast, chest, thorax.

pectus carinatum
a congential deformity in which the sternum is angled caudoventrally and protrudes; less common than pectus excavatum (below). Called also pigeon breast.
pectus excavatum
a congenital deformity in which the sternum and caudal ribs are concave, reducing the thoracic cavity space. Seen in puppies and kittens.
References in classic literature ?
From a small bag of twisted coconut hanging from his neck upon his withered and sunken chest, he drew out flint and steel and tinder, and, even while the impatient steward was proffering him a box of matches, struck a spark, caught it in the tinder, blew it into strength and quantity, and lighted his pipe from it.
Several times Tarzan had to put his ear quite close to the sunken chest to catch the faint beating of the wornout heart.
But Brissenden, breathing painfully, had dropped off to sleep, his chin buried in a scarf and resting on his sunken chest, his body wrapped in the long overcoat and shaking to the vibration of the propellers.
One of the theories is that it detoured to pick up a sunken chest.
The team also diagnosed a slew of health conditions: a common chest wall deformity called pectus excavatum, or sunken chest (B); bone density marks called Harris lines in his leg bones that indicate physiological stress (C) and an enlarged liver (D).
Kister had a condition called pectus excavatum, or "sunken chest," a condition where the rib cage and breastbone develop abnormally and grow inward, causing a sunken chest bone, according to the Mayo Clinic.
She has three major heart defects, including a narrowing of the main artery, as well as curvature of the spine and a sunken chest wall caused by a connective tissue disorder.
Dressmakers had to re-cut and re-stitch her dress, reducing it from a size 14 to a tiny size six, and still it hung around her bony shoulders, jutting ribs and sunken chest.
Who understood and shared the phraseology of Donald Goines A holy language--spun it into surrealistic parables And laid them upon the dead bones of America's sunken chest.
So what does this adventure have to do with My Private Pectus, a story about an insecure 17-year-old boy with a secret chest deformity called Pectus Excavatum, or Sunken Chest Syndrome?
Pectus affects around three in 1,000 people and has two more common forms - excavatum or sunken chest in which a dip appears in the chest and pectus carinatum or pigeon chest in which the chest pushes outwards.
Pin-toed, narrow shouldered with a sunken chest, Dave is trapped in his puny body and longs to be, literally, more of a man.