subcutaneous fat

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sub·cu·ta·ne·ous fat

(sŭb-kyū-tā'nē-ŭs fat)
Fat that is stored directly under the skin. Women have a higher percentage of this fat than men.

subcutaneous fat

A layer of fat that lies just beneath the skin. It differs from visceral fat in that it has fewer adverse effects on glucose metabolism.
See also: fat
References in periodicals archive ?
Perinephric fat was characterized by the highest SFA concentrations, and subcutaneous fat had the highest MUFA content.
Most notable changes are increased proportion of C18:0 and proportions of C16:1 and 18:1 in perirenal fat compared to those in subcutaneous fat.
Then we found that the expression level of GPR43 in pig adipose gradually increased as age increased, and the abundance of GPR43 mRNA level increased more in subcutaneous fat than visceral fat.
If this were someday approved for humans, Ziouzenkova said such a therapy would be best suited to patients who develop visceral fat with aging, aren't able to exercise and shouldn't dramatically reduce their calories because that can cause the loss of beneficial subcutaneous fat.
There was no correlation between either subcutaneous fat (fat concentrated around the hips and thighs) or total body fat and either BM fat or BMD.
Newly born babies to mothers who smoked during pregnancy are smaller and have less subcutaneous fat compartments," Rodriguez added.
In vitro studies have suggested that drugs in the glitazone class stimulate production of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) protein, which plays a key role in adipocyte differentiation, and clinical trials have linked the drugs to increased subcutaneous fat in people with diabetes.
As you read this, stomachs, buttocks, and thighs are being stabbed, pummelled and pumped full of saline solution in private clinics all over Britain, prior to pints of subcutaneous fat being Hoovered out, leaving the bruised and battered patient looking as though they've just gone 12 rounds with Lennox Lewis (don't worry, though - it'll be declared a draw).
Alterations in the amount of subcutaneous fat lead to significant changes in appearance, whether from excess (as seen in bodily obesity) or in loss of fat (as seen in facial lipodystrophy associated with the aging process).
After surgery, all subjects had significant decreases in general and abdominal adiposity, sagittal abdominal diameter, waist circumference, and visceral and subcutaneous fat volumes.
The condition involves the microcirculatory system, lymphatic system, extracellular matrix and the presence of excess subcutaneous fat that bulges into the dermis.

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