Streptomyces


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Related to Streptomyces: Streptomyces griseus

Streptomyces

 [strep″to-mi´sēz]
a genus of bacteria, usually soil forms, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals, and notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g., the tetracyclines.

Streptomyces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz),
A genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria (family Streptomycetaceae) that grow in the form of a many-branched mycelium; conidia are produced in chains on aerial hyphae. These organisms (several hundred species in the genus) are predominantly saprophytic soil forms; some are parasitic on plants or animals; many produce antibiotics. The type species is Streptomyces albus.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

/Strep·to·my·ces/ (strep″to-mi´sēz) a genus of bacteria (order Actinomycetales), usually soil forms, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals, and notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g., the tetracyclines. S. somalien´sis is a cause of mycetoma.

streptomyces

(strĕp′tə-mī′sēz)
n. pl. streptomyces
Any of various actinomycetes of the genus Streptomyces, found chiefly in soil and including several species that produce antibiotics.

Strep·to·my·ces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz)
A genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria that grow in the form of a much-branched mycelium; conidia are produced in chains on aerial hyphae. These organisms (several hundred species in the genus) are predominantly saprophytic soil forms; some are parasitic on plants or animals; many produce antibiotics. The type species is S. albus.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

a GENUS of Gram-positive BACTERIA (see GRAM'S STAIN in the ACTINOMYCETES group. Streptomyces species are common inhabitants of SOIL, though they are found in a diversity of habitats. They have a mycelial (see MYCELIUM growth form and reproduce by the formation of SPORES at the tips of aerial HYPHAE. They are AEROBES and can use a wide range of organic compounds as CARBON and ENERGY sources. Often they produce EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMES that enable them to utilize various materials such as STARCH, CELLULOSE and CHITIN. They produce more than half of all known ANTIBIOTICS, and certain species are commercially important. The antibiotic STREPTOMYCIN is produced by Streptomyces griseus.

Streptomyces

genus of Gram-positive bacteria, found in soil

Strep·to·my·ces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz)
Genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria that grows as a many-branched mycelium.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

a genus of nonpathogenic soil bacteria, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals. Notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g. the tetracyclines, erythromycin (S. erythreus), lincomycin (S. lincolnensis), tylosin (S. fradiae), rifampin (S. mediterranei), amphotericin B (S. nodosus) and monensin (S. cinnamonensis).
References in periodicals archive ?
A novel PHB depolymerase from a thermophilic Streptomyces sp.
The structure of aureothin, a nitro compound obtained from Streptomyces thioluteus.
Shirling EB and D Gottlieb Methods of characterization of Streptomyces species.
A pathologic feature of pulmonary infections with Streptomyces spp.
Micromonospora species was identified according to International Streptomyces Project (Shirling and Gotellieb 1966) [10].
Similar reports were observed in Thermostable serine protease producing Streptomyces albidoflavus (Chi-Nam seong and Jung-sung Jo, 2004).
Pardo JM, Malpartida F, Rico M, and Jimenez A: Biochemical basis of resistance to hygromycin B in Streptomyces hygroscopicus - the producing organism.
Dr Eriko Takano and her team at Groningen University in the Netherlands have discovered a new antibiotic - extracted from soil bacteria Streptomyces - using the "genome mining" technique.
The scientists have found a fungus called Streptomyces Avermitilis, which is found in the ocean, is extremely poisonous to the kinds of crustaceons and barnacles which commonly attach themselves to hulls, slowing the performance and efficiency of the boat.
Some areas covered are oganochlorine pesticide contamination in horticultural samples, lindane removal by streptomyces Sp.
It was observed that the Streptomyces phage phiBT1 integrase catalyzes recombination between phage attachment (att) attP and bacterial attB sites, resulting in phage DNA integration into the bacterial host genome in a unidirectional manner whereas, in the presence of multiple pseudo-attB and--attP sites in mammalian genomes, the recombination with wildtype attP and attB sequences occur on multiple sites.
A short list of vitally important microbes could include members of the genus Streptomyces, which produce a wide range of antibiotic compounds; organisms such as Dehalococcoides ethenogenes that can degrade toxic compounds including perchlorinated ethenes (PCEs); and symbiotic organisms such as Rhizobium that can covert inorganic nitrogen to ammonium and provide this product to their plant hosts.