Streptobacillus moniliformis

Strep·to·ba·cil·lus mo·nil·i·for·'mis

a bacterial species commonly found as an inhabitant of the nasopharynx of rats; it occurs as the etiologic agent of an epizootic septic polyarthritis in mice and of one type of rat-bite fever; it is the type species of the genus Streptobacillus.

Streptobacillus moniliformis

Etymology: Gk, streptos, curved; L, bacillum, small rod, monile, necklace, forma, form
a species of necklace-shaped nonmotile gram-negative bacteria that can cause rat-bite fever in humans.

Streptobacillus moniliformis

(strep?to-ba-sil'us mo-nil?i-for'mis) [NL]
A gram-negative bacillus present in the mouths of rats, mice, and cats. It is transmitted to humans through bites or by ingestion of milk contaminated by rats. It causes one form of rat-bite fever, marked by prolonged fever, skin rash, and generalized arthritis. The infection may be treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate or doxycycline. Synonym: Haverhill fever See: Spirillum minus
References in periodicals archive ?
Dogs as vectors of Streptobacillus moniliformis infection?
Rat bite fever is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis Levaditi, Nicolau, and Poincloux (Fusobacterales: Fusobacteriaceae) and Spirillum minus Carter (Spirochaetales: Spirillaceae) and transmitted mostly through bites and scratches from rats and mice.
Rat-bite fever due to Streptobacillus moniliformis.
Two recent cases of fatal Streptobacillus moniliformis infection--or rat-bite fever--underscore the importance of considering this diagnosis in sick patients with rat exposures, and also the need to prevent infection among those with routine rat exposures, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Characteristic puff-ball colonies of Streptobacillus moniliformis were seen in supplemented thioglycolate broth.
Streptobacillus moniliformis isolated from a case of Haverhill fever: biochemical characterization and inhibitory effect of sodium polyanethol sulfonate.
To the Editor: Streptobacillus moniliformis is a facultatively anaerobic, pleomorphic, gram-variable bacillus often seen in chains and as long unbranched filaments.
Rat bite fever is a zoonosis caused by either Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus (1,3).
For example, Streptococcus suis can cause meningitis or occasionally fulminant infection is an occupational risk for packers in poultry factories, and Streptobacillus moniliformis can be an occupational risk for pet shop employees (9,10)