a bacterial species commonly found as an inhabitant of the nasopharynx of rats; it occurs as the etiologic agent of an epizootic septic polyarthritis in mice and of one type of rat-bite fever; it is the type species of the genus Streptobacillus.
Etymology: Gk, streptos, curved; L, bacillum, small rod, monile, necklace, forma, form
a species of necklace-shaped nonmotile gram-negative bacteria that can cause rat-bite fever in humans.
Streptobacillus moniliformis(strep?to-ba-sil'us mo-nil?i-for'mis) [NL]
A gram-negative bacillus present in the mouths of rats, mice, and cats. It is transmitted to humans through bites or by ingestion of milk contaminated by rats. It causes one form of rat-bite fever, marked by prolonged fever, skin rash, and generalized arthritis. The infection may be treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate or doxycycline. Synonym: Haverhill fever See: Spirillum minus