Streptobacillus moniliformis

Strep·to·ba·cil·lus mo·nil·i·for·'mis

a bacterial species commonly found as an inhabitant of the nasopharynx of rats; it occurs as the etiologic agent of an epizootic septic polyarthritis in mice and of one type of rat-bite fever; it is the type species of the genus Streptobacillus.

Streptobacillus moniliformis

Etymology: Gk, streptos, curved; L, bacillum, small rod, monile, necklace, forma, form
a species of necklace-shaped nonmotile gram-negative bacteria that can cause rat-bite fever in humans.

Streptobacillus moniliformis

(strep?to-ba-sil'us mo-nil?i-for'mis) [NL]
A gram-negative bacillus present in the mouths of rats, mice, and cats. It is transmitted to humans through bites or by ingestion of milk contaminated by rats. It causes one form of rat-bite fever, marked by prolonged fever, skin rash, and generalized arthritis. The infection may be treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate or doxycycline. Synonym: Haverhill fever See: Spirillum minus
References in periodicals archive ?
RBF is a zoonotic systemic illness caused by infection from either the gram-negative bacillus Streptobacillus moniliformis, commonly found in the United States, or the gram-negative rod Spirillum minus, commonly seen in Asia.
Human infections by Streptobacillus moniliformis are assumed to be caused by rats on the basis of epidemiologic information.
Rat bite fever (RBF) is a systemic febrile illness caused by either Streptobacillus moniliformis, common in Western countries, or Spirillum minus, which is the most prevalent pathogen in Asia [1,2].
Lung, liver, and epiglottis tissue collected postmortem was positive for Streptobacillus moniliformis DNA by polymerase chain reaction.
The rodent-borne infectious diseases of greatest medical importance include leptospirosis, hantavirus, monkeypox, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, and the rat-bite fever bacterium, Streptobacillus moniliformis.
Rat bite fever is an acute febrile illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis, which colonizes the nasopharynx of a substantial percentage of domestic and wild rats.
Rat bite fever is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis Levaditi, Nicolau, and Poincloux (Fusobacterales: Fusobacteriaceae) and Spirillum minus Carter (Spirochaetales: Spirillaceae) and transmitted mostly through bites and scratches from rats and mice.
Rat-bite fever is a disease caused by two different bacteria, Streptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minus, and may actually be two zoonotic diseases rather than one.
Two recent cases of fatal Streptobacillus moniliformis infection--or rat-bite fever--underscore the importance of considering this diagnosis in sick patients with rat exposures, and also the need to prevent infection among those with routine rat exposures, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Dogs as vectors of Streptobacillus moniliformis infection?
Rat bite fever is caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis, a bacterium that is found in the normal oral flora of rats and can be excreted in rat urine.
Rat-bite fever (RBF) is a rare, systemic illness caused by infection with Streptobacillus moniliformis.