Streptobacillus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Streptobacillus: streptococcus, staphylococcus

Streptobacillus

 [strep″to-bah-sil´us]
a genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The organisms are found in the throat and nasopharynx of wild and laboratory rats, and they may cause rat-bite fever in humans. It contains a single species, S. multifor´mis.

streptobacillus

 [strep″to-bah-sil´us]
1. a group of rod-shaped bacteria that remain loosely attached end-to-end in long chains as a result of failure of daughter cells to separate after cell division.
2. an organism of the genus Streptobacillus.

Streptobacillus

(strep'tō-ba-sil'ŭs),
A genus of nonmotile, nonsporeforming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Bacteroidaceae) containing gram-negative, pleomorphic cells that vary from short rods to long, interwoven filaments that have a tendency to fragment into chains of bacillary and coccobacillary elements. These organisms can be pathogenic for rats, mice, and other mammals. The type species is Streptobacillus moniliformis.
[strepto- + bacillus]

Streptobacillus

/Strep·to·bac·il·lus/ (strep″to-bah-sil´lus) a genus of gram-negative bacteria of uncertain affiliation; organisms are highly pleomorphic. S. monilifor´mis is a cause of rat-bite fever.

streptobacillus

/strep·to·bac·il·lus/ (strep″to-bah-sil´us) pl. streptobacil´li   an organism of the genus Streptobacillus.

streptobacillus

(strĕp′tō-bə-sĭl′əs)
n. pl. streptoba·cilli (-sĭl′ī)
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Streptobacillus, occurring in chains, especially S. moniliformis, which causes a type of rat-bite fever.

Strep·to·ba·cil·lus

(strep'tō-bă-sil'ŭs)
A genus of nonmotile, non-spore-forming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-negative, pleomorphic cells that vary from short rods to long, interwoven filaments that have a tendency to fragment into chains of bacillary and coccobacillary elements. The type species, Streptobacillusmoniliformis, causes Haverhill fever and rat-bite fever.

Streptobacillus

a genus of gram-negative bacteria which sometimes forms filaments. The only species is S. moniliformis, which is found in the nasopharynx of rats. It is the cause of Haverhill fever, a form of rat-bite fever, in humans and possibly dogs and cats. It may cause acute septicemia or chronic disease characterized by arthritis in mice. Previously called Bacillus actinoides and Streptobacillus actinoides.

streptobacillus

pl. streptobacilli
1. a group of rod-shaped bacteria that remain loosely attached end-to-end in long chains as a result of failure of daughter cells to separate after cell division.
2. an organism of the genus Streptobacillus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Streptobacillus moniliformis is not routinely reported to public health authorities in most jurisdictions, and hence the true incidence rate is unknown.
Streptobacillus moniliformis is part of the normal nasopharyngeal flora of rats.
Wang and Wong suggest that septic arthritis caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis detected in synovial fluid without bacteremia is a separate entity with distinct clinical features in which fever and rash are uncommon [21].
Streptobacillus moniliformis is a facultatively anaerobic, highly pleomorphic gram negative bacillus [21].
Streptobacillus moniliformis is also susceptible to cephalosporins, carbapenems, erythromycin, and clindamycin [21].
Epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention and reporting of rat-bite fever (RBF) caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis
Streptobacillus moniliformis isolated from a case of Haverhill fever: biochemical characterization and inhibitory effect of sodium polyanethol sulfonate.
Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis: case report and review.
Outbreak of fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis.
Rat bite fever is a zoonosis caused by either Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus (1,3).
Recently, 2 cultures received by MDL were nonviable when isolation techniques were attempted from submitted blood culture bottles (1 submitted as a gram-negative rod, the other as Streptobacillus sp.