barracuda

(redirected from Sphyraena)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Sphyraena: barracuda

barracuda

 
any of various carnivorous marine fish of the genus Sphaerena, found in tropical waters; they are often eaten by humans but sometimes contain ciguatoxin and can cause ciguatera.
References in periodicals archive ?
Damselfish V Pomacentrus partitus Bicolor damselfish V Pomacentrus planifrons Threespot damselfish T Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracuda Great barracuda V, L Tr, Sn Labridae Labridae Wrasses V Bodianus rufus Spanish hogfish V Clepticus parrae Creole wrasse V Halichoeres garnoti Yellowhead wrasse V Thalassoma bifasciatum Bluehead wrasse V Scaridae Scaridae Parrotfishes V Scarus sp.
The 10 species with the most measured individuals were: spiny lobster (16,527), white grunt (10,125), gray snapper (8,756), hogfish (5,077), dolphin (4,911), yellowtail snapper (3,891), bluestriped grunt, Haemulon sciurus (3,348), red grouper (1,941), mutton snapper, (1,516), and great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda (1,398).
The cruise concluded with measurements and biological samples along several transects off southern California, as far south as the Coronados Islands, and special studies of the biology of and fisheries for mackerel (chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus, formerly known as Pacific mackerel), Pacific bonito, Sarda chiliensis, and Pacific barracuda, Sphyraena argentea.
Banded eels, Ophichthus rex, were the most frequently caught incidental species with 44 captures, followed by great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda -- 36 captures, roughtail stingray, Dasyatis centroura -- 25 captures, and red grouper, Epinephelus morio -- 17 captures.
Catch in 1989-91 (%) Pelagic species Mean Range Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis 55 48-60 Yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares 28 26-32 Blue marlin Makaira mazara 6 4-8 Sharks Miscellaneous 3 2-4 Dolphinfish Coryphaena hippurus 2 2-3 Barracudas Sphyraena spp.
Minor components include rainbow runner, Elagatis bipinnulatus; great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda; kawakawa, Euthynnus affinis; dogtooth tuna, Gymnosarda unicolor; sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus; and shortbill spearfish, Tetrapturus angustirostris.
Fishery NP Common name Species swordfish Tuna and tuna-like species Albacore Thunnus alalunga 9707 Bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus 5409 Butterfly mackerel Gasterochisma melampus -- Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis 546 Slender tuna Allothunnus fallai -- Southern bluefin Thunnus maccoyii -- Yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares 2811 Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri 383 Billfish Black marlin Makaira indica 25 Blue marlin Makaira nigricans 981 Sailfish Istiophorus platypterus 49 Shortbill spearfish Tetrapturus angustirostris 543 Striped marlin Tetrapturus audax 1963 Swordfish Xiphias gladius 22,457 Other bony fish Barracouta Thyrsites atun -- Barracudas Sphyraena spp.