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Related to Special damages: general damages, exemplary damages


Etymology: L, damnum, loss
(in law) a sum of money awarded to a plaintiff by a court as compensation for any loss, detriment, or injury to the plaintiff's person, property, or rights caused by the malfeasance or negligence of the defendant. Actual damages are awarded to reimburse the plaintiff for the loss or injury sustained. Nominal damages are awarded to show that a legal wrong has been committed although no recoverable loss can be determined. Punitive damages exceed the actual cost of injury or damage and are awarded when the defendant has acted with malice or reckless disregard of the plaintiff's rights.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


n monetary award from a court as compensation for a legally proven loss.


n.pl compensation or indemnity that may be recovered in the courts by any person who has suffered loss, detriment, or injury to person, property, or rights through the unlawful act or negligence of another.
damages, compensatory,
n.pl a sum that compensates the injured party for injury only.
damages, exemplary (punitive damages)
n.pl damages awarded to the plaintiff over those that will barely compensate for property loss. Such compensation may be awarded when the wrong done to the plaintiff involves violence, malice, or fraud by the defendant. The object is to provide compensation for mental suffering or loss of pride. It may be employed as punishment of the defendant.
damages, nominal,
n.pl a small sum awarded to a plaintiff in an action in which there is no substantial loss or injury to be compensated but in which the law still recognizes a technical invasion of rights or a breach of the defendant's duty. Also awarded in cases in which, although there has been a real injury, the plaintiff's evidence is not sufficient to show its amount.
damages, punitive,
n.pl See damages, exemplary.


money paid to the victor in a court case in which loss of property or income is alleged, covered by the law of torts. Simple damages are assessed on the value of the actual loss. Punitive or exemplary damages are in excess of simple damages and are awarded as a punishment against the loser in the suit if it is judged that the tort was an aggravated one, and that the defendant has been, for example, wilfully and recklessly neglectful.

Patient discussion about damages

Q. How can I lower the damage the cumputer screen is causing my eyes? I work with a computer for long hours every day and so far my sight is still good. Usually after many hours my eyes itch though. All my friends have already ruined their eyes this way and would really like to prevent that... Do you know how?

A. When people hardly concentrate on monitors, used to blink a little. Try to use neutral eyedops. Use only TFT monitors. Another good ways has written above :)

Q. i have nerv damage in my left arm . what are the best ways to dill whith paine excelpt paine pills. not the best speller hope pepole understand. just wonderd what typs of ways you can deal with for paine whithout haveing to take meds; terry

A. here is an article i found for you-


"If you're a pain sufferer, here's some good news: Plenty of options exist to ease aches, and many of them don't come in pill form."

Q. What damage does depression do to the brain and how can you treat it? How does it affect your chemical balance, your brain? Is it critical or will be critical later in life? I just read on Yahoo News that Clinical stress could increase risk of Alzheimer's later in life. Does age matter like during teen years? I had depression and begun running. I noticed that I have a hard time focusing and absorbing information. I forgot a lot of things. All my brain seems to focus on is emotions. Can I change that? The running has made me feel a lot better afterwards

A. This is actually a good question- but I couldn’t find any research concerning long term damage from depression. It sounds unreasonable though…because there is no deprivation of oxygen or anything essential in depression. But the brain is a biological system that is under constant change – so it may be that pattern of thought changed. About the Alzheimer's- I only saw articles about depression because of Alzheimer.

More discussions about damages
References in periodicals archive ?
When considering the wrongful act doctrine, practitioners should be mindful to 1) analyze whether the wrongful acts of a party have caused the client to incur legal expenses in maintaining or defending litigation with third parties; 2) determine whether those fees and costs incurred could be considered causally related to the wrongful act; and if so, 3) specifically plead a claim for attorneys' fees and costs under the wrongful act doctrine as a form of special damages to the claim.
1919) ("If the owner of the goods would charge the carrier with any special damages, he must have communicated to the carrier all the facts and circumstances of the case which do not ordinarily attend the carriage or the particular character and value of the property carried, for otherwise such peculiar circumstances cannot be contemplated by the carrier.
defamatory," the statutory special damages requirement would apply.
In such cases, there is no need for the plaintiff to prove that they have suffered special damage.
In support of this hypothesis, Crocker and Tennyson (2002) find that special damages paid are less responsive to special damages claimed when the injury could be easily falsified.
22) Even the few courts that have permitted children to recover special damages in wrongful life lawsuits have denied general damages because of the nonexistence paradox.
Claimants, therefore, do not have the opportunity to inflate general damages by adding treatments and increasing special damages.
The ACPA affords franchisors and other trademark owners the right to recover special damages in a lawsuit, including, at the court's discretion, statutory damages which do not require special proof (e.
The suit asks $7 million in special damages for loss of earnings, $4 million in general damages and $1 million for loss of medical, retirement and other benefits.
The jury also awarded special damages for loss of business of pounds 15,000.
The company, which also named the 25,000-member Western Canada Wilderness Committee in the lawsuit, is seeking more than $100,000 in special damages and an unspecified amount for general and punitive damages plus court costs and interest.
1-800-LAW-FIRM is seeking compensations, including consequential and special damages in amounts proved, as well as for statutory damages, including a return of all amounts paid for the products sold by Defendants to the Plaintiffs and the Class Members.

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