Today the reconstructed fortress is a space-binding agent of Ottawa.
Therefore, regardless of its position sharing the harbour of Louisbourg, it remains simply part of the collective mass that is appealed to in Ottawa's space-binding mechanisms.
Man's discarnate, techno-angelic ubiquity annihilates distance and renders space-binding obsolete, all thanks to the absolute speed of electromagnetic waves.
Space-binding is about occupying and bridging man's exterior milieu.
His fundamental concern is humanity, who he places at the top of an evolutionary hierarchy going from plants, to space-binding animals, to time-binding humans.
This seems to indicate that war is a space-binding action and extends the power of time-binding actions.
Command and control media that facilitate sending messages over long distances are evident, and these according to Innis are space-binding.
Some simple space-binding family activities might be saving money, planning for college, participating in civic discussions in the community, separating the recycle cans from the others, learning a new language, meeting new neighbors, building a home, and leaching the children.
But Carey, rather than using Innis's terms, space bias and time bias, speaks of space-binding and time-binding.
Korzybski used the concept of time-binding as the basis of his definition of the human race as a unique class of life; in contrast to animals, which he referred to as space-binding, and plants, which he termed chemistry-binding.
Stored energy is then used by animals, who convert it into motion, that is, kinetic energy, moving freely about in their environment in ways that plants are not capable of, and that is why he called animals the space-binding class of life.