soybean

(redirected from Soy isoflavones)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

soy·bean

(soy'bēn),
The bean of the climbing herb Glycine soja or G. hispida (family Leguminosae); a bean rich in protein and containing little starch; it is the source of soybean oil; soybean flour is used in preparing a bread for diabetic patients, in feeding formulas for infants who are unable to tolerate cow's milk, and for adults allergic to cow's milk.
Synonym(s): soja, soya
[Hind. soyā, fennel]

soybean

/soy·bean/ (soi´bēn) the bean of the leguminous plant, Glycine max, which contains little starch but is rich in protein and phytoestrogens.

soya bean

An edible high-protein legume (Glycine max), which is used to produce a wide range of food products.

soy·bean

(soy'bēn)
The bean of the climbing herb Glycine soja or G. hispida; rich in protein and containing little starch; used in preparing a bread for diabetic patients, in feeding formulas for infants who are unable to tolerate cow's milk, and for adults allergic to cow's milk.
[Hind. soyā, fennel]

soybean

the leguminous plant Glycine max (syn. G. soja) used for the production of soya beans. The greatest use of the bean is the extraction of oil for industrial use. The beans are unsuitable for feeding in their raw state unless they are roasted because they contain growth-inhibiting factors.

soybean meal
the material left after extraction of soybean oil. It is poisonous if the oil is extracted by elution with trichloroethylene.
trichloroethylene-extracted soybean meal
causes a radiomimetic syndrome of anemia, leukopenia and submucosal petechiation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Canadian scientists evaluated the antimicrobial efficacy of soy isoflavones against pathogenic biofilms of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) using microtiter plate assays, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy.
Comment: It is clear that soy isoflavones at 50 mg/day for 12 weeks in women with PCOS had beneficial effects on markers of insulin resistance, total testosterone, SHBG, free androgen index, triglycerides, VLDL, glutathione, and malondialdehyde.
Further research discusses the possible mechanism through which soy isoflavones may reduce symptoms of PMS, with some relevance to menstrual migraine.
Supplementation with soy isoflavones also resulted in significant reductions in testosterone, harmful cholesterol known as low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides - or fats in the blood - than their counterparts who received the placebo.
Short-term soy isoflavones supplementation may lead to significant elevation of intraprostatic isoflavones concentration compared to serum.
An earlier meta-analysis of 4 prospective cohort studies, 2 of which were not included above, also found reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence in groups with high vs low soy isoflavone intake (HR=0.
Consumption of soy isoflavones in Asian countries is four times more than in the Western countries, with average daily consumption in Asian countries 24-45 mg.
Soy isoflavones, nontoxic flavonoid compounds, are dietary agents that have been reported to prevent cancer and may increase the efficacy of cancer treatment by modifying the activity of key survival pathways and cell proliferation (16).
The findings are from the dual-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled Soy Isoflavones for Reducing Bone Loss (SIRBL) study of women randomly assigned to placebo, or either 80 mg or 120 mg of daily soy isoflavones.
8) And it was true for 206 middle-aged or older women who took 90 to 200 mg of soy isoflavones or a placebo every day for six months to two years.
Erdman noted that soy isoflavone serum and prostate levels in the mice are similar to those found in Asian men who consume one to two servings of soy daily.