Hapalochlaena maculosa

(redirected from Southern Blue-ringed Octopus)
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Either of two species (Hapalochlaena maculosa, H lunulata) of small octopi which habitat tidal pools in the Pacific Ocean including the Great Barrier Reef. They have up to golf ball sized bodies and measure 8–10 cm when stretched from one tip of the tentacle to the other. They carry enough venom to kill 26 adult humans. When at rest, they are brown-pale yellow; when disturbed, they turn bright yellow and display blue rings around their tentacles. Blue-ringed octopi release tetrodotoxin (formerly known as maculotoxin, produced by bacteria in the host’s salivary glands), an inhibitor of action potential which blocks sodium channels, causing motor paralysis and respiratory arrest. The completeness of the motor paralysis is such that victims cannot signal that they cannot breathe.
Management There is no antidote; rescue breathing must begin immediately and must be maintained for as long as it takes for the toxin to work its way out of the victim’s body—up to 24 hours

Hapalochlaena maculosa

small, highly poisonous bane of surf beaches; called also blue-ringed octopus; has blue rings on the tentacles which show up when it is handled; injects a paralyzing toxin as it bites and causes deaths in humans and could, one supposes, do the same to animals. Called also Octopus maculatus.