sorbitol

(redirected from Sorbital)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to Sorbital: sorbitol pathway

sorbitol

 [sor´bĭ-tol]
a six-carbon sugar alcohol from a variety of fruits, found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A pharmaceutical preparation is used as a sweetening agent and osmotic laxative, and in drugs as a tablet excipient, moistening agent, and stabilizer.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol),
A reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of the rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and in many fruits and seaweeds. It has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; medicinally, it is used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent, and is almost completely metabolized (to CO2 and H2O); accumulates in Type 1 diabetes mellitus; elevated levels can cause osmotic damage.
Synonym(s): sorbite

sorbitol

/sor·bi·tol/ (sor´bĭ-tol) a six-carbon sugar alcohol from a variety of fruits, found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A pharmaceutical preparation is used as a sweetening agent and osmotic laxative, and in drugs as a tablet excipient, humectant, and stabilizer.

sorbitol

(sôr′bĭ-tôl′, -tōl′, -tŏl′)
n.
A white, sweetish, crystalline alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, found in various berries and fruits or prepared synthetically and used as a flavoring agent, a sugar substitute for people with diabetes, and a moisturizer in cosmetics and other products.

sorbitol

A polyhydroxyl alcohol or polyol synthesized from glucose by aldose reductase in neural tissue, produced in excess in DM; sorbitol may be further metabolized to fructose, which together cause ↑ osmotic pressure, intracellular edema, Schwann cell swelling, anoxia and nerve demyelination; it has been implicated in diabetic neuropathy; it has been used as an artificial sweetener. Cf Advanced glycosylation endproducts.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product in many fruits and seaweeds that has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent.

sorbitol

A sweetening agent derived from glucose.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia, and in many other fruits and seaweeds. Has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses.

sorbitol

a sugar alcohol found in various berries and fruits; in mammals, sorbitol is an intermediate in the conversion of glucose to fructose. It is found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A 50% solution is used as an osmotic diuretic. Sorbitol is used as a sweetener in some dietetic foods; it has the same caloric value as other sugars.

sorbitol dehydrogenase
called also SDH; see l-iditol dehydrogenase (ID).
References in periodicals archive ?
on Sorbital MacConky agar and their agglutinated with the anti0157
The commercially prepared suspension contained activated charcoal 25 g and sorbital 48 g per 120 mL.
The medication is also indicated for other individuals who should not be exposed to sugar, alcohol, sodium, fructose, sorbital or dyes.
The major advantage with iron sorbital citric acid complex is that the side effects are relatively rare and mild (1,28,29).
Isolation of bacterial pathogens: All stool samples were routinely cultured on MacConkey, sorbital MacConkey (SMAC), deoxycholate citrate, thiosulphate citrate bile sucrose, and Campy-BAP agar media to isolate known bacterial enteropathogens as described earlier (11).