Soranus


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So·ra·nus

(sô-rā′nəs) fl. second century ad.
Greek physician. A leader of the school of physicians known as methodists, he wrote important works on midwifery and women's diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
That the leading obstetrical writers addressed their works to midwives testifies to this barrier: Soranus (Gynecology, 1956), Michele Savonarola (Il trattato ginecologico-pediatrico, 1952), Antonio Guainerio (for whom Helen Lemay, "Anthonius Guainerius and Medieval Gynecology," 1985), Eucharius Rosslin (When Midwifery Became the Male Physician's Province, 1994), and followers were all men; while in order to assist his researches, Guainerio employed women midwives to explore the female body in ways that he himself could not.
Graeco-Roman medicine offered a variety of therapies for mental disorders, including those of Soranus reminiscent to the talking cure and of Celsus, involving violent physical abuse.
Part 2 focuses on Aristotle and his school; part 3 on Galen's dietetics and pharmacological works, and on early medical writers such as Diocles, Soranus, and Caelius.
Contrarians that they are, Galen and Soranus (the second century writer of Gynaecology) argue that the womb is not animate or errant: "In particular [Soranus] rejects any idea that the womb is an animal; it 'does not issue forth like a wild animal from the lair, delighted by fragrant odors and fleeing bad odors.
The more ridiculous suggestions come from Greek gynaecologist Soranus who suggested that Greek women jump backward seven times after intercourse and European women were encouraged to turn the wheel of a grain mill backwards four times at midnight.
Mediaeval documentary evidence on infant feeding is sparse and comes mainly from medical works, many of which were heavily influenced by Classical authorities such as Soranus and Galen.
Moreover, theories of lactation extant since Soranus, and still considered accurate during the period of the lactating madonna's popularity, further buttress this association.
Recognised physicians of the era, such as Soranus, Galen, Rufus of Ephesus, Aretaeus of Cappadocia and Caelius Aurelianus, did not describe measles.
Just after the birth of Christ, Soranus of Ephesus placed perfumes at the patient's head and foul-smelling substances near the prolapsed portion of the uterus to draw the uterus cephalad.