somatization

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Related to Somatisation: somatization disorder, somatization, conversion disorder

somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'ma-ti-zā'shŭn),
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder.

somatization

/so·ma·ti·za·tion/ (so″mah-tĭ-za´shun) the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.

somatization

(sō′mə-tĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.

somatization

[sō′mətīzā′shən]
Etymology: Gk, soma, body
a process whereby a mental event is expressed in a body disorder or physical symptom. Examples include peptic ulcers and asthma. See also conversion.

somatization

Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder

Somatization

Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Mentioned in: Palpitations

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.

Patient discussion about somatization

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization
References in periodicals archive ?
2010) and anxiety and somatisation (Schweitzer et al.
The results showed that both vaccines induced antibodies to somatisation and significantly reduced body weight, without affecting normal levels of the growth hormone IGF1, or insulin levels," said Keith Haffer from Braasch Biotech LLC, South Dakota in the United States "Although further studies are necessary to discover the long term implications of these vaccines, treatment of human obesity with vaccination would provide physicians with a drug: and surgical: free option against the weight epidemic," Haffer explained.
Let us imagine that you have explored the patient's emotional state and you decide the increased pain is not due to somatisation.
According to the ICD- (10,13) the patients who presented with multiple somatic complaints were suffering from anxiety disorders (60%), a depressive episode (24%) and somatisation disorder (16%).
Somatisation in primary care patients is a common and disabling condition found in the populations of all countries and cultures studied.
Here severe mental illness is classified as problematic behaviour such as that found in schizophrenia, depressive psychoses, mania, epilepsy, mental retardation and organic brain syndromes whereas common mental illness includes major depression, hysterias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, phobia and somatisation disorders.
TABLE 1 Pretreatment and Follow-up BSI Symptom Dimensions and Cannabis Use (N = 132) Mean (CI) Pretreatment Follow-up Somatisation 53.
Liaison psychiatry team consultant at NSH, Simon Hatcher, believes the rate of psychiatric disorders in the medically ill is increasing, with the main problems being mood disorders, cognitive impairment (including delirium and dementia), substance abuse and somatisation.
Written by a range of experienced, competent and committed psychiatrists and psychologists with special expertise in adolescent mental health, they address many of the most pressing mental health challenges in adolescence such as suicide, mental health aspects of HIV/ AIDS, ADHD, psychiatric aspects of chronic illness, somatisation, trauma, and depression.
A YES it can and the phenomenon is called somatisation (from the Greek word soma meaning body).
Women tend to report higher levels of stress reaction to residency training on anxiety, somatisation, and depression scales.
Formerly known as hysteria, or Briquet's syndrome, somatisation disorder is a type of somatoform disorder marked by a history of diverse physical bodily complaints without evidence of physical disease that appear to be psychological in origin.