Solanum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Solanum: Solanum nigrum

Solanum

[sō·lā′nəm]
Etymology: L, nightshade
a large genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. It includes the potato, tomato, eggplant, several of the nightshades, and many poisonous and medicinal species.

Solanum

a widespread plant genus of the family Solanaceae which contains a number of valuable crop plants but also some poisonous ones. Poisoning may be due to (1) the presence in the plant of toxic glycoalkaloids which cause diarrhea, (2) alkamines, e.g. nitrosamines, which cause neuromuscular signs of incoordination, and the 'crazy cow' syndrome, or (3) calcinogenic glycosides which cause excessive deposition of calcium in tissues.
Solanaceous plants which may cause diarrhea syndrome include Solanum aculeastrum, S. americanum, S. aviculare, S. capsiciforme, S. capsicoides, S. carolinense, S. cinereum, S. dulcamara, S. elaeagnifolium, S. incanum, S. laciniatum, S. mauritianum, S. melongena, S. nigrum, S. panduriforme, S. pseudocapsicum, S. quadriloculatum, S. rostratum, S. seaforthianum, S. simile, S. sturtianum, S. symonii, S. triflorum, S. vescum.
Solanaceous plants which cause nervous syndromes include Solanum bonariensis, S. dimidiatum, S. fastigiatum, S. kwebense, S. luederitzii, S. lycopersicum, S. tenuiramosum, S. upingtoniae.
Solanaceous plants causing calcinosis include S. linneanum (S. hermanii, S. sodomaeum), S. malocoxylon (S. glaucophyllum), S. torvum.
Solanaceous plants causing miscellaneous syndromes include S. carolinense (inflammation of the mouth and esophagus), S. tuberosum (the common potato), which can cause carbohydrate engorgement. Eating of large quantities over a long period causes dermatitis of the lower limbs. Greened and sprouted potato tubers contain solanine and cause poisoning if fed without cooking or paring.
References in periodicals archive ?
A morphometric study of species boundaries of the wild potato Solanum series Piurana (Solanaceae) and putatively related species from seven other series in Solanum sect.
054%), but Branch type was not observed in all treatments, that means Date palm pollen extract is Improved pollen tube morphology of Solanum melongena L.
The medicinal plants such as, Acalypha indica, Leucas aspera, Ocimum tenuiflorum L and Solanum nigrum were selected in and around Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cell viability and apoptosis data for Solanum compounds are shown in Fig.
In the 1990s, potatoes sourced from Cyprus were popular in the UK but they had since fallen out of favour with consumers, according to Solanum.
When Large Ground Finch (Geospiza magnirostris), Vegetarian Finch (Platyspiza crassirostris) and Galapagos Mockingbird were fed fruit of Solanum cheesmaniae, feces of the two finch species contained only fragments of seed but mockingbird feces contained intact seeds, of which 64% germinated, compared with 2% in a control of uneaten seed (Rick and Bowman 1961, Rick 1966).
To verify whether the abundance of Peucetia flava correlates to the size of Solanum thomasiifolium plants, we estimated the size of plants in a 50-m random transect, in each year by measuring the maximum height of branches with leaves, the maximum canopy diameter, and the perpendicular length to this diameter.
Recently larvicidal properties of the aqueous extract of the leaf of Solanum nigrum against Anopheles culicifacies species A, Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Aedes aegypti (Linn.
Solanum viarum Dunal é uma planta subarbustiva pertencente à família Solanaceae, ao subgênero Leptostemonum e à seção Acanthophora.
Solanum tuberosum, the scientific name of the humble white potato, looks simple.
However, next in line as a food source is Solanum tuberosum, the Irish, Iowa, or Spanish potato.