casein

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casein

 [ka´se-in]
a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, that is the basis of curd and of cheese. Casein, usually in the form of one of its salts, is added to the other ingredients of the diet to increase its protein content. note: In British nomenclature casein is called caseinogen, and paracasein is called casein.

ca·sein

(cā'sē-in, kā'sēn),
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese. It is insoluble in water, soluble in dilute alkaline and salt solutions, forms a hard insoluble plastic with formaldehyde, and is used as a constituent of some glues; various components are designated α-, β-, and κ-caseins. β-Casein is converted to γ-casein by milk proteases. There are several isoforms of α-casein. κ-Casein is not precipitated by calcium ions.

casein

/ca·sein/ (ka´sēn) a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, the basis of curd and of cheese. note: In British nomenclature casein is called caseinogen, and paracasein is called casein.

casein

(kā′sēn′, -sē-ĭn)
n.
A protein that is the major protein in the milk of most mammals. It is the basis of cheese and is used in food products and in certain adhesives and paints.

casein

a white powder protein that occurs naturally in milk. It contains phosphorus and sulfur and is regarded as a "complete protein" because it contains all essential amino acids. Casein is precipitated when milk turns sour.

ca·sein

(kā'sēn)
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese.

casein

A protein derived from CASEINOGEN in milk by the action of renin in the stomach.

casein

a milk protein precipitated out of milk in acid conditions or by the action of RENNIN. It is the principal protein in cheese.

casein

a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, the basis of curd and of cheese. Called also caseinogen.

casein clot
the insoluble form of caseinogen produced by the action of rennin in the presence of calcium.
casein digestion
an identifying characteristic of Corynebacterium renale when grown on milk agar.

Patient discussion about casein

Q. Is it true that Casein protein can cause Cancer, or is harmful to the human body? Someone left a comment on my blog about Casein protein being bad for the body and that it could lead to Cancer. Is this true?

A. I am not familiar with such information, Casein is a protein that is found in large amounts in breastmilk and milk products replacements for babies and as far as I know it has no such affect.

Q. I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those? When I was researching about autism in the net, I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those?

A. These are protein fractions in wheat and milk. Research suggests they are not digested normally in most persons with autism but are incompletely broken down into absorbable molecules. Many people with autism show some improvement when these two dietary proteins are omitted.

More discussions about casein
References in periodicals archive ?
What's more, sodium caseinate won't cause problems in everyone.
The scientists studied the dissociation of sodium caseinate at pH 12 and its re-association after neutralization occurred, using dynamic light scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation.
The statistical study shows that the average size and dispersion of fat globules at time t0 depends on the protein composition of the dispersing phase (crudes wheys), the presence or absence of sodium caseinate as stabilizer, and the ratio of oil/whey namely emulsion HA/liquid whey (Br);case of HA/LSAas (7 g/l of proteins: [PHI] = 0.
A: Casein is the soluble form of milk protein, so calcium caseinate and sodium caseinate are made from dairy.
EmCap[TM] modified starch: Replacement of sodium caseinate and gum arabic, flavor encapsulation
In experiments, the scientists packed a control sample, along with fruit with a sodium caseinate coating plasticized with sorbitol, and fruit with a sodium caseinate coating plasticized with glycerol, in clam shell boxes, which were stored at 5 C for one week.
Each Bar Consists Of a Protein Blend of Whey Protein Isolate, Soy Protein Isolate, Calcium Sodium Caseinate And Calcium Caseinate.
A stable emulsion was prepared using the purified oil, sodium caseinate and lactose.
Nutritional Enhancements -- Removing cholesterol from products such as milk, butter and eggs, or replacing egg yolk in salad dressing and sodium caseinate in non-dairy creamers, are additional uses of corn- derived cyclodextrins and modified starches.
Using the protease Alcalase from Novozymes, Mexican scientists produced hydrolysates from fish muscle that could substitute for such functional compounds as bovine serum albumin and sodium caseinate.
2] casein films using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and compared them with films derived from acid casein, sodium caseinate and calcium caseinate.
Sodium caseinate finds use as an ingredient in many dairy foods.

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