Smooth muscles


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Smooth muscles

Muscles that surround the linings of the digestive system, airways, and circulatory system.
Mentioned in: Creatine Kinase Test
References in periodicals archive ?
Leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor that can be observed at any region but is mostly observed in the female genital tract.
5,28) The specific marker for smooth muscles is a-SMA, a cytoplasmic intermediate filament (29) that distinguishes smooth muscle tumors from fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
1 To explore the underlying mechanism of excessive nausea and vomiting produced by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, we observed the effects of paroxetine on ileal smooth muscles of rabbits in vitro.
The neurovascular unit comprises three cells types: endothelial cells, which form the blood vessel (vascular) tube; smooth muscle cells, which cover the endothelial tube and control vascular tone; and autonomic neurons, which influence the smooth muscle's ability to contract and maintain vascular tone.
In the present study we have also found that the pulsatory power as well the number of smooth muscles fibres in tunica media is more in VA & ICA compared to ECA.
When we provided a much smaller amount of these materials, they became contractile smooth muscles cells.
The structure of the small intestine consists of a layer of cells, a mucosal lining, a connective tissue support (submucosa), and a fine submucosal smooth muscle layer.
Smooth muscles are involved in many "housekeeping" functions such as pushing food through the body.
In the process of investigating the effect of arsenic on blood vessels, we observed that arsenic could enhance agonist-induced contraction in an aortic ring organ bath system, suggesting that arsenic could disrupt contractile function in vascular smooth muscles as well.
24) On histology, the vascular type, which is less common, exhibits doublewalled vessels, indicating that the mass originated in the smooth muscles of the veins.
Damage to nerves, arteries, smooth muscles, and fibrous tissues, often as a result of disease, is the most common cause of ED.
In visceral smooth muscles, the intermediate filaments are composed solely of desmin, which belongs to the vimentin-like family and is one of the earliest known myogenic cytoskeletal markers.

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