(redirected from Sir Frederick G)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941). Canadian scientist. Born in Allison, Ontario, and educated at the University of Toronto, Banting undertook research on the internal secretion of the pancreas, and in 1921, with Charles Herbert Best, he discovered insulin. Banting and J. J. R. Macleod shared the Nobel prize for medicine in 1923. The Banting Research Foundation was established in 1924, and the Banting Institute was opened in Toronto in 1930. Banting was knighted in 1934.

Banting, Sir Frederick G.

Etymology: Canadian physician, 1891-1941
co-winner, with John J. Macleod, of the 1923 Nobel prize for medicine and physiology for their research, with the Canadian physiologist Charles H. Best, showing the link between the pancreas and insulin in the control of diabetes. See also Macleod, John J.


An ad hoc term coined after William Banting, a Briton who in 1861, at the age of 65, was placed on a diet of lean meat, toast and vegetables by his surgeon; within 2 years he had lost 50 pounds. He then wrote the popular Letter on Corpulence, which advocated consumption of vegetables and loss of weight, at a time when vegetables were not a dietary staple, meat was the centrepiece of a proper meal and obesity was not considered a disease, but rather a mark of social status.