Silybum marianum


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A herb used for cirrhosis, cholecystitis, hepatitis, possibly related to its content of a flavonoid derivative, silymarin. Milk thistle has been used as an appetite stimulant, a digestive tonic, for mushroom poisoning and, topically, for psoriasis
Toxicity Milk thistle should not be used in those with liver disease

Silybum marianum,

Silybum marianum

plant member of the family Asteraceae; has a very high feed value but a high nitrate content. May cause nitrate-nitrite poisoning in ruminants. Called also Carduus marianus, variegated thistle, milk thistle, bull thistle, St. Mary's thistle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus our study adds one more species associated with Silybum marianum, making a total sum of 17 aphid species for this plant.
Quantifying cardinal temperatures and thermal time required for germination of Silybum marianum seed.
It also stated that the Silybum marianum can lower blood cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia.
Clinical applications of Silybum marianum in oncology.
Herbal formula Zizyphus jujuba 70 mL Rehmania glutinosa 50 mL Hypericum perforatum 20 mL Schizandra chinensis 50 mL Silybum marianum 10 mL
Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle) has proven to protect against liver damage in a number of experimental and clinical studies.
Commonly called milk thistle because its white veins yield a milky sap, Silybum marianum is known also as St.
STW5, commercially known as Iberogast (Steigerwald Arzneimittelwerk GmbH, Germany) is a well-researched herbal preparation that consists of 50% (v/v) hydroethanolic fresh plant extract of Iberis amara whole plant, and 30% hydroethanolic extracts of Melissa officinalis, Matricaria chamomilla, Carum carvi, Mentha piperita, Angelica archangelica, Silybum marianum, Chelidonium majus and Glycyrrhyiza glabra.
Patients in the silymarin treatment group received 140 mg, thrice daily of dried extracts of Silybum marianum (n = 20) and those in the placebo group (n = 20) received identical placebos for 45 days.
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the herbal medicine, Silybum marianum seed extract (silymarin), which is known to have antioxidant properties on the glycemic profile in diabetic patients.