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Freud

 [froid]
Sigmund (1856–1939). Clinical neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Freiberg in Moravia, and educated at the University of Vienna, he studied in Paris in 1885 under the neurologist J. M. Charcot, who encouraged him to investigate hysteria from a psychologic point of view. Freud stressed the existence of an unconscious that exerts a dynamic influence on consciousness, and was led to develop his method of “free association” in order to discover these buried memories. He emphasized the role of sexuality in the development of neurotic conditions, and published Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), and many more works. He was also director of the International Journal of Psychology. After fleeing the Nazi regime in Vienna in 1938, he died in London.

Freud

(froyd),
Sigmund, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1856-1939, founder of psychoanalysis. See: freudian, freudian fixation, freudian psychoanalysis, freudian slip, Freud theory.

Freud, Sigmund

[froid]
Etymology: Austrian neurologist, 1856-1939
founder of a complex integrated theory of psychological causes of mental disorders, some, such as hysteria, with physical symptoms. Among tenets of freudian theory are that human beings are motivated by a pleasure principle; receive internal stimulation from a sex instinct and a death instinct; have personality structures that can be divided into ego, superego, and id; and have unconscious, preconscious, and conscious levels of mental activity. See also freudian, freudian fixation, freudianism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Born December 11, 1885, Jay Sigmund spent his boyhood on a tenant farm near Waubeek, in East Central Iowa.
Sigmund F:s theory was completely embedded in his time, the history of his time, the culture of his time.
This led the Museum to create the Sigmund Samuel Canadiana Gallery in 1940.
We were very well treated and Mr Sigmund always made sure he came and saw what we were doing and spoke to us.
The Sigmund old boys started their training between the ages of 14 and 16, and normally stayed on for up to seven years.
The story of Sigmund Freud is given a farcical twist in Hysteria.
Sigmund Brouwer gives his readers an action-filled mystery.
Ultimately, the agency determined that the benefits of this sponsorship were not worth the potential negative impact on our long-term goals or reputation as responsible stewards of the region's infrastructure," said Stephen Sigmund, chief of public and government affairs, Port Authority of N.
Sigmund Freud wanted to be famous: he became a doctor and at one time traced the root of all problems--physical and emotional--to the nose.
Skillfully rendered into English by award-winning translator Michael Mitchell, and now featuring a new introduction, Freud & Tragedy is a classic examination of the father of psychology, Sigmund Freud.
This is an unusual book, in part a series of biographical sketches of Sigmund Freud and a host of other pioneers in the development of psychoanalysis in Europe, and in part the story of the invention of free mental health treatment centers by psychoanalysts in Berlin, Vienna, and other European capitals.