9) On the subject of jazz in black Canadian fiction, see Siemerling
(2014); on jazz more widely in black women's writing, see Tucker (1993).
Indeed, Reingard Nischik's important early contributions to this nascent field, along with those of others such as Winfried Siemerling
(2005, 2010) and Gillian Roberts (2013, 2015), lend early and important encouragement to other Canadianists and Americanists to seek out new insights in their respective national literatures by thematizing continentalist interests therein, but also those of their neighboring literature.
In 1886, Oppenheim and Siemerling
(6) proposed the terms "pseudobulbar affect" (PBA) and "pseudobulbar palsy" (a separate and distinct state that includes dyscontrol of facial muscles, resulting in dysarthria, dysphagia, and dysphonia) in their descriptions of patients with bilateral forebrain injury that appeared to mimic brainstem dysfunction.
Organizations such as Canada's National Council of Negro Women began lobbying for recognition of a period of the year honoring Black history, says Winfried Siemerling
, a professor of English language and literature at the University of Waterloo.
The immediate aftermath has materialized in a number of critical volumes whose structural axes underline the importance of dialogue, cross-talk and transnational nurturing to study Canadian cultural manifestations vis-a-vis American or transcontinental paradigms of theory (see Dobson 2009; Siemerling
and Phillips Casteel 2010; Brydon and Dvorak 2012), in such a way that this globalising system of "friction and flow", in Brydon and Dvorak's words, comes to query the presumed autonomy of literature and the nation.
, Winfried, and Sarah Phillips Casteel, eds.
As Winfried Siemerling
notes, "The novel defamiliarizes habitual perceptions of Toronto by superimposing a reconstructed and imagined new world.
Conforming to what Winfried Siemerling
describes as a new trend of "North American perspectives that cross both national and linguistic boundaries" (13), both novels attest to a shared fate with the United States: They portray the attacks on New York as attacks on Montreal, and 9/11 as an assault on their own traditions and values.
and Casteel take Canada as the reference point for their exploration of comparative hemispheric American literary studies, traversing time and space to do so.
Sensible a ces propos qui traversent les disciplines, que l'on soit en sociologie, en histoire ou en litterature, et s'inscrivant lui-meme dans ce demier champ, Winfried Siemerling
livre sa propre contribution au debat dans cet ouvrage riche et dense.
There he worked alongside his assistants Moehli, Oppenheim, Wallenberg, Thompson and Siemerling
, which led to successful collaborations over many years.
Indeed, as Siemerling
points out, Canadian cultural production--including literary production--is still marginalized in many contexts, and the longstanding need for advocacy continues.