The anterior approach includes the Lichtenstein repair, which is probably the most common repair done in the United States, as well as the Shouldice repair
15) conducted a recent prospective study on Shouldice repair
on 775 patients.
Recent techniques Shouldice repair
and Lichtenstein repair has not been considered, since retrospective data was a total dismal due to cost effectiveness and infrastructure available to us, at the moment.
In a randomized trial of Shouldice repair
compared with darn, recurrence rates were similar; 4% for the Shouldice method and 1.
The new lower edge of the upper flap is sutured to the original upper edge of the lower flap, above the spermatic cord--that is, the external oblique is closed similarly to the way it is closed in Bassini, McVay, and Shouldice repairs
Equal results with laparoscopic and shouldice repairs
of primary inguinal hernia in men.