sexually transmitted disease


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Related to sexually transmitted disease: trichomoniasis, chlamydia, Sexually transmitted infections

sexually transmitted disease

 (STD)
one that can be transmitted by means of sexual intercourse or by intimate contact with the genitals, mouth, or rectum. Called also venereal disease. Within this category are what are termed the five “classic venereal diseases” of gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma inguinale, as well as chlamydia infections, genital herpes, nonspecific urethritis, trichomoniasis, pediculosis pubis, scabies, venereal warts, hepatitis b, molluscum contagiosum, and vaginitis caused by either Corynebacterium vaginale or Haemophilus vaginalis. While sexual transmission is the only important means of spreading some of these diseases, others such as hepatitis can also be acquired by nonsexual means.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease (STD),

any contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (for example, syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease

sexually transmitted disease

n. Abbr. STD
Any of various diseases, including AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, that are usually contracted through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called sexually transmitted infection.

sexually transmitted disease (STD)

an infectious disease usually acquired by sexual intercourse or genital contact. These diseases are among the most common communicable diseases, and the incidence has risen in recent years despite improved methods of diagnosis and treatment. Historically, the five venereal diseases were gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum. To these have been added scabies, herpes genitalis and anorectal herpes and warts, pediculosis, trichomoniasis, genital candidiasis, molluscum contagiosum, hepatitis B, human papillomavirus infection, nonspecific urethritis, chlamydial infections, cytomegalovirus, and human immunodeficiency virus. Also called venereal disease (VD). See also specific diseases.
Any infection or tumour acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact
Risk factors Multiple sexual partners, history of STD or sexual partner with STD; male sexual partners of women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cervical condylomas, condyloma acuminatum or variants of IN

sexually transmitted disease

Venereal disease Any infection or tumor acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact; most common STD agents in US: Chlamydia trachomatis 3-5 million; HSV-2, 2-3 million; N gonorrhoeae, 720,000/25,300 penicillin-resistant; T pallidum/2º syphilis, 40,117 STD agents-bacterial C trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis, N gonorrhoeae, streptococcal spp, Ureaplasma urealyticum STD agents-Viral EBV, HBV, HIV-1, HIV-2, HPV, HSV Others Trichomonas vaginalis, pubic lice, scabies Sexually-transmitted neoplasms Intraepithelial neoplasia–IN, SCC of cervix, penis, and anus often arise in HPV infection; HPV 16 and 33 are implicated in penile IN; HPV 16 and 18 in CIN; HPV 6, 11 and 42 in condyloma acuminata
Sexually transmitted disease
Agent/disease Incidence  Prevalence
Chlamydia   3 million 2 million
Trichomoniasis 5 million N/A
HPV  5.5 million 20 million
PID 1,000,000
Gonorrhea  650,000  N/A
Herpes 1 million 45 million
Syphilis 70,000  N/A
Cong syphilis 3,400
AIDS 80,000
Hepatitis B  120,000  417,000
Chancroid 3,500
N/A Not available; new STD agents HPV–1976, HTLV-I & Mobiluncus spp–1980, Mycoplasma hominis–1981, HTLV-II–1982, HIV-1–1983, HIV-2–1986, HHV-8–1995 AMN 3/2/97, p13 www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/ 8799/9154/360682.html?d=dmtContent

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Any contagious disease acquired through sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, genital warts, AIDS).
Synonym(s): sexually transmitted infection, venereal disease.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD)

A disease that is passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called STD.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease, sexually transmitted infection.

Patient discussion about sexually transmitted disease

Q. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES how many types are there?

A. Gonorrhea, syphillis, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, HIV, urethritis..
The rest of the list, I think lixurion had already shared you the link, just read on that link..

Q. Is hepatitis a sexually transmitted disease? I mean hepatitis B and C mainly…

A. yes, hepatitis B is an STD, while hepatitis C is less likely caused by sexual transmitted disease.
hepatitis C usually transmitted through drugs usage and blood transfusion

Q. Are cold sores contagious? My boyfriend has cold sores on his mouth. Can I catch it from him? If so, how can I prevent catching it?

A. Cold sores contain the HSV-1 virus, which is the herpes simplex virus . While your boyfriend has cold sores, he should wash his hands often, especially after touching his face. He shouldn't share cups and eating utensils with others since he is very contagious. You should not kiss him or touch the cold sores either, in order not to be infected.

More discussions about sexually transmitted disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Hook looked at the scope of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States as part of a committee appointed by the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine in Washington, D.
The contest aims to increase awareness of sexually transmitted diseases and encourage condom use by sexually active youth.
Bacterial vaginosis in lesbians: a sexually transmitted disease.
All three studies were controlled for confounding factors such as the number of sexual partners and the presence of sexually transmitted diseases known to increase HIV risk.
Global epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases.
The program pairs information on pregnancy prevention with information on sexually transmitted diseases, and includes a sample LIFESTYLES(R) condom that serves as a catalyst for STD discussion between a woman and her healthcare provider.
Add to that the prevalence of other sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis, and parasites, and it becomes clear that just about anyone who is sexually active may be at some risk of exposure to an STD.
Although it is the most common sexually transmitted disease today, chlamydia has received limited press.
In analyses of data from a public sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Tucson, (1) HPV was significantly less likely to be detected on the penises of circumcised men than on those of uncircumcised men (odds ratio, 0.
He began by adapting a campaign he saw in Amsterdam: the distribution of ``contact cards'' for people with a sexually transmitted disease or infection.
Chlamydia is the nation's most common sexually transmitted disease, affecting about 3 million people annually, most of whom show no symptoms.
Black and Mexican American women who participated in ethnically tailored behavioral interventions to prevent sexually transmitted disease (STD) had lower risks of subsequently acquiring gonorrhea or chlamydia than those receiving usual counseling in a randomized study in Texas.

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