sexually transmitted disease

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sexually transmitted disease

 (STD)
one that can be transmitted by means of sexual intercourse or by intimate contact with the genitals, mouth, or rectum. Called also venereal disease. Within this category are what are termed the five “classic venereal diseases” of gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma inguinale, as well as chlamydia infections, genital herpes, nonspecific urethritis, trichomoniasis, pediculosis pubis, scabies, venereal warts, hepatitis b, molluscum contagiosum, and vaginitis caused by either Corynebacterium vaginale or Haemophilus vaginalis. While sexual transmission is the only important means of spreading some of these diseases, others such as hepatitis can also be acquired by nonsexual means.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease (STD),

any contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (for example, syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease

sexually transmitted disease

n. Abbr. STD
Any of various diseases, including AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, that are usually contracted through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called sexually transmitted infection.

sexually transmitted disease (STD)

an infectious disease usually acquired by sexual intercourse or genital contact. These diseases are among the most common communicable diseases, and the incidence has risen in recent years despite improved methods of diagnosis and treatment. Historically, the five venereal diseases were gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum. To these have been added scabies, herpes genitalis and anorectal herpes and warts, pediculosis, trichomoniasis, genital candidiasis, molluscum contagiosum, hepatitis B, human papillomavirus infection, nonspecific urethritis, chlamydial infections, cytomegalovirus, and human immunodeficiency virus. Also called venereal disease (VD). See also specific diseases.
Any infection or tumour acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact
Risk factors Multiple sexual partners, history of STD or sexual partner with STD; male sexual partners of women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cervical condylomas, condyloma acuminatum or variants of IN

sexually transmitted disease

Venereal disease Any infection or tumor acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact; most common STD agents in US: Chlamydia trachomatis 3-5 million; HSV-2, 2-3 million; N gonorrhoeae, 720,000/25,300 penicillin-resistant; T pallidum/2º syphilis, 40,117 STD agents-bacterial C trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis, N gonorrhoeae, streptococcal spp, Ureaplasma urealyticum STD agents-Viral EBV, HBV, HIV-1, HIV-2, HPV, HSV Others Trichomonas vaginalis, pubic lice, scabies Sexually-transmitted neoplasms Intraepithelial neoplasia–IN, SCC of cervix, penis, and anus often arise in HPV infection; HPV 16 and 33 are implicated in penile IN; HPV 16 and 18 in CIN; HPV 6, 11 and 42 in condyloma acuminata
Sexually transmitted disease
Agent/disease Incidence  Prevalence
Chlamydia   3 million 2 million
Trichomoniasis 5 million N/A
HPV  5.5 million 20 million
PID 1,000,000
Gonorrhea  650,000  N/A
Herpes 1 million 45 million
Syphilis 70,000  N/A
Cong syphilis 3,400
AIDS 80,000
Hepatitis B  120,000  417,000
Chancroid 3,500
N/A Not available; new STD agents HPV–1976, HTLV-I & Mobiluncus spp–1980, Mycoplasma hominis–1981, HTLV-II–1982, HIV-1–1983, HIV-2–1986, HHV-8–1995 AMN 3/2/97, p13 www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/ 8799/9154/360682.html?d=dmtContent

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Any contagious disease acquired through sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, genital warts, AIDS).
Synonym(s): sexually transmitted infection, venereal disease.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD)

A disease that is passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called STD.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease, sexually transmitted infection.

Patient discussion about sexually transmitted disease

Q. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES how many types are there?

A. Gonorrhea, syphillis, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, HIV, urethritis..
The rest of the list, I think lixurion had already shared you the link, just read on that link..

Q. Is hepatitis a sexually transmitted disease? I mean hepatitis B and C mainly…

A. yes, hepatitis B is an STD, while hepatitis C is less likely caused by sexual transmitted disease.
hepatitis C usually transmitted through drugs usage and blood transfusion

Q. Are cold sores contagious? My boyfriend has cold sores on his mouth. Can I catch it from him? If so, how can I prevent catching it?

A. Cold sores contain the HSV-1 virus, which is the herpes simplex virus . While your boyfriend has cold sores, he should wash his hands often, especially after touching his face. He shouldn't share cups and eating utensils with others since he is very contagious. You should not kiss him or touch the cold sores either, in order not to be infected.

More discussions about sexually transmitted disease
References in periodicals archive ?
While researchers found no difference in the growth of sexually transmitted diseases between the two groups, they did find that vaccinated girls were more likely to be sexually active in the year prior to vaccination and had higher sexually transmitted disease rates overall.
Sexually transmitted diseases do not have any borders, they cross socio-economic status, from the very rich to the very poor and young to the old.
Reducing the number of young people with sexually transmitted infections is a high priority in Knowsley.
A prior history of sexually transmitted infection should not be the sole driving force for teens to acquire knowledge," she said.
The age of respondents and their primary source of information did not seem to affect their level of knowledge about sexually transmitted infection.
Once it became clear that most cases of HIV/AIDS were sexually transmitted, determining the effectiveness of latex condoms in preventing sexual transmission of the virus became a scientific priority.
Laumann E and Youm Y, Racial/ethnic group differences in the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States: a network explanation, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1999, 26(5):250-261; and Adimora A and Schoenbach V, Contextual factors and the black-white disparity in heterosexual HIV transmission, Epidemiology and Society, 2002, 13(6):707-712.
It is a relatively well-contained infectious disease that, for prevention and control, requires clean needles, condoms, lubricant, screening for sexually transmitted infections, and treatment for a small proportion of the population.
Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is the most common ulcerative sexually transmitted disease in the UK.
Chlamydia - the most common sexually transmitted disease - surged by almost 9%, with 104,155 cases diagnosed last year.
However, there are many other deadly sexually transmitted infections whose spread has not caused any Catholic clerical concern.
Federally funded abstinence-only curricula is held to a strict eight-point definition, which teaches that sexual activity is only acceptable within a monogamous marriage--a concept that often brushes aside information such as how to obtain and use birth control and to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

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