alanine transaminase

(redirected from Serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase)

alanine transaminase

 [al´ah-nēn trans-am´ĭ-nās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of an amino group from alanine to α-ketoglutarate to form pyruvate and glutamate. Normally present in many tissues and body fluids, especially in the liver, it is released into the serum as a result of tissue injury; the serum concentration is increased particularly when there is acute damage to hepatic cells, as in viral or toxic hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis, and obstructive jaundice. Called also alanine aminotransferase and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase.

al·a·nine a·mi·no·trans·fer·ase (ALT),

(al'ă-nēn a-mē'nō-tranz'fer-ās),
An enzyme transferring amino groups from l-alanine to 2-ketoglutarate, or the reverse (from l-glutamate to pyruvate); one d-alanine transaminase effects the same reaction, but using d-alanine and d-glutamate. Serum concentration is increased in viral hepatitis and myocardial infarction.

alanine transaminase

/al·a·nine trans·am·i·nase/ (trans-am´ĭ-nās) an enzyme normally present in serum and body tissues, especially in the liver; it is released into the serum as a result of tissue injury, hence the concentration in the serum may be increased in patients with acute damage to hepatic cells.

al·a·nine a·mi·no·trans·fer·ase

(ALT) (al'ă-nēn ă-mē'nō-trans'fĕr-ās)
An enzyme transferring amino groups from l-alanine to 2-ketoglutarate, or the reverse (from l-glutamate to pyruvate); serum concentration is increased in viral hepatitis and myocardial infarction.
Synonym(s): glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase.

al·a·nine a·mi·no·trans·fer·ase

(ALT) (al'ă-nēn ă-mē'nō-trans'fĕr-ās)
An enzyme transferring amino groups from l-alanine to 2-ketoglutarate, or the reverse (from l-glutamate to pyruvate); serum concentration is increased in viral hepatitis and myocardial infarction.
Synonym(s): glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase,
alanine transaminase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biochemical parameters, such as serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (Reitman and Frankel, 1975), alkaline phosphate (Kind and King, 1972), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin (Mally and Evelyn, 1937) and liver glutathione (Ellman, 1959), were analyzed according to the standard method.
Serum albumin was 28 g/L (normal 33-48 g/L), serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase 54 U/L (normal 5-40 U/L), serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase 58 U/L (normal 5-40 U/L), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate 74 mm/h.

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