serology

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serology

 [se-rol´ah-je]
originally, the study of the in vitro reactions of immune sera, e.g., precipitin, agglutination, and complement fixation reactions. Currently, the term is used to refer to the use of such reactions to measure serum antibody titers in infectious disease (serologic tests), to the clinical correlations of the antibody titer (the serology of a disease), and to the use of serologic reactions to detect antigens (such as hla antigens). adj., adj serolog´ic.

se·rol·o·gy

(sē-rol'ŏ-jē),
The branch of science concerned with serum, especially with specific immune or lytic serums; to measure either antigens or antibodies in sera.
[sero- + G. logos, study]

serology

/se·rol·o·gy/ (sēr-ol´ah-je) the study of antigen-antibody reactions in vitro.serolog´ic

serology

(sĭ-rŏl′ə-jē)
n. pl. serolo·gies
1. The science that deals with the properties and reactions of serums, especially blood serum.
2. The characteristics of a disease or organism shown by study of blood serums: the serology of acquired immune deficiency syndrome; the serology of mammals.

se′ro·log′ic (sîr′ə-lŏj′ĭk), se′ro·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
se′ro·log′i·cal·ly adv.
se·rol′o·gist n.

serology

[sirol′əjē]
Etymology: L, serum + Gk, logos, science
the branch of laboratory medicine that studies blood serum for evidence of infection by evaluating antigen-antibody reactions in vitro. Also called immunology. serologic, serological, adj.

serology

The study of antigen-antibody reactions–eg, past or present infection. See Hepatitis B serology, HIV serology.

se·rol·o·gy

(sēr-ol'ŏ-jē)
The branch of science concerned with immune phenomena as observed in blood and other body fluids and tissues.
[sero- + G. logos, study]

serology

The branch of laboratory medicine concerned with the investigation of blood SERUM with special reference to its antibody (immunoglobulin) content. Detection of antibodies and ANTIGENS is of considerable medical importance especially in diagnosis.

serology

the branch of biological science that is concerned with the study of SERUMS.

Serology

The analysis of the contents and properties of blood serum.
Mentioned in: AIDS Tests

serology

the conduct of antigen-antibody reactions in vitro.
References in periodicals archive ?
The HCW with positive serologic test results was a radiology technician who assisted in the procedure.
Based on the serologic tests, there are a myriad of presentations that don't fit into any one pattern," which explains why physicians often don't recognize it or test for it, Dr.
Interval between symptoms, notification, collection of the first serologic tests, hospitalization and duration of hospitalizations for patients with cases of HPS in the Sobradinho Indian settlement, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, January 2010 * Interval, d No.
Clinicians should be reminded of the need to request specimen dilution in highly suspicious cases in which serologic tests are nonreactive.
The interpretation of results from a single serum sample is limited by the specificity or sensitivity of serologic tests, and viral shedding times may mean that infected cases may be missed.
Physicians in areas to which POWV is endemic should be aware of POWV and request serologic testing on serum or CSF samples from the state or other laboratories capable of performing POWV serologic tests.
At the various dilutions of colostrum replacer, all serologic tests gave clearly positive reactions.
Results of Lyme disease serologic tests lacking specificity were also associated with these chronic diseases and led to the same results and conflicts between the Infectious Diseases Society of America and alternative users of Borrelia burgdorferi diagnostic tests (4).
Detection of coccidioidal antibodies by 33-kDa spherule antigen, coccidioides EIA, and standard serologic tests in sera from patients evaluated for coccidioidomycosis.
Because most pregnant women receive their diagnosis during the chronic, asymptomatic stage of Chagas disease, screening with 2 sequential serologic tests is the most efficient strategy for detection of infection (12).
Patients were excluded if they were <18 years of age, were already receiving oral or parenteral antifungal treatment, had radiographically documented pneumonia predating the current illness but within the past 3 months, were unable to return for subsequent serologic tests, or were otherwise unwilling to provide informed consent.
Serologic tests were negative for Epstein-Barr and hepatitis B and positive for cytomegalovirus and hepatitis A viruses.