recency effect

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recency effect

(re'sen-se)
The tendency to recall recent events under the assumption that they are normal even if they are abnormal. This effect may sometimes result in misdiagnosis.
Synonym: recency bias
References in periodicals archive ?
Also as discussed earlier, an alternative explanation provided for the serial position effect by Atkinson and Shiffrin's (1968) dual-store model for memory is that earlier information has a greater chance of being consolidated than the middle information and the middle information has a greater chance of being consolidated than the recent information.
The third and fourth hypotheses relate to the serial position effect.
Prior research that used the interference theory (proactive and retroactive interference) (Foucault, 1928) and other prior study that used association theory (Ladd and Woodworm's, 1911) to explain the serial position effect predicted the results would be symmetrically U-shaped.
For the majority of studies looking at the primacy, recency, and serial position effect, the material to be remembered across the series is assumed to be fairly equal in terms of difficulty.
Of the three theories (association, interference, and dual-store model for memory) that were used to explain the serial position effect, it appears that Atkinson and Shiffrin's dual-store model for memory explanation is more consistent with the results of this study.
Using procedures that parallel those used to study serial position effects in laboratory settings, Terry (2005) performed two experiments.
An explanation for the passive theory is that serial position effects will result from processes inherent in the task (Terry, S.
Thus, in four of the four within-group tests where serial position effects on students' performance were significant, primacy effects were found to be stronger than recency effects.