Semmelweis


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Semmelweis

 [sem´el-vīs]
Ignaz Philipp (1818–1865). Hungarian physician and pioneer of antisepsis in obstetrics. He was born at Buda and educated at the universities of Pest and Vienna. As assistant in an obstetrics ward of Allgemeines Krankenhaus in Vienna, where the mortality rate from puerperal fever was extremely high, Semmelweis recognized that the infection was carried from patient to patient by the physicians, and he instituted preventive measures, such as cleansing of the physicians' hands with chlorinated lime. He met such fierce opposition from many of his colleagues that he left Vienna and returned to Pest to work as a physician in a maternity department.

Semmelweis, Ignaz Phillip

Hungarian physician (1818-1865) He was born in Buda and educated at the universities of Pest and Vienna. Semmelweis recognized a high rate in puerperal fever and hypothesized that the infection was carried from patient to patient by the physicians. He instituted preventative measures, such as cleansing of the hands with chlorinated lime. He met fierce opposition from his contemporaries and rejection of his theory. He is now considered the pioneer of asepsis in obstetrics.
References in periodicals archive ?
We are drawing ever closer to Ignaz Semmelweis, in case you're wondering what on earth happened to him.
This fact made Semmelweis "so miserable that life seemed worthless.
Los datos tabulados y analizados por Semmelweis (1) fueron desechadas por sus contradictores, quienes respondian a una larga tradicion de dogmas no cuestionados, rehusando aceptar la evidencia experimental que no se ajustaba con sus prejuicios.
I do recommend the fictional account of the life of Semmelweis, the father of antiseptics, in The Cry and the Covenant by Morton Thompson.
Siendo obstetra auxiliar de Klein en el Hospital General de Viena en 1846, el medico hungaro Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) abrio el camino para determinar la llamada causa necesaria o -la materia peccans- de la fiebre puerperal, y confirmo experimentalmente la presuncion de su contagiosidad que habia sido planteada un siglo atras.
double dagger]) ([double dagger]) The ad hoc collection contained both sentimental (or curious) and valuable items, including instruments or objects that had belonged to famous members of the society, such as the stethoscope of Frigyes Koranyi (1828-1913) and a briefcase used by Ignac Semmelweis (1818-1865).
Si hoy el lavado de manos es el procedimiento mas socorrido en la medicina, en la epoca de Semmelweis (1818-1865), Pasteur (1822-1895) y Lister (1827-1912) no lo era.
I recall the doctor my Hungarian mother told me about--Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865).
Szeifert (National Institute of Neurosurgery, Semmelweis University, Hungary) gathers international contributors to discuss the baselines of pathology and radiobiology, review medical physics principles and dose prescription guidelines, and describe current techniques in radiosurgery and imaging methods.
Its members are: Peter Csermely of Semmelweis University, Budapest; Doris Jorde of the University of Oslo, President of the European Science Education Research Association; Dieter Lenzen, President of the Freie Universitat Berlin, and Harriet Wallberg-Henriksson, President of Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
Dubois Regional Medical Center, Dubois, Pennsylvania, USA; ([dagger]) University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; and ([double dagger]) Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
The film tells the story of Ignaz Semmelweis, first assistant of the ward, who embarked on a quest to discover the cause and found a new way of thinking.