caloric restriction

(redirected from Semistarvation)
The deliberate consumption of less calories than recommended by standard nutritional dogma which, for a 70 kg male, is 2,500/day

caloric restriction

The deliberate ↓ in caloric intake to levels up to 30% below a 'usual' diet See Diet, Methuselah factor. Cf Protein restriction.

calorie restriction

, caloric restriction
Limiting the consumption of food to less than what an organism would eat if given free access to nutrients. In laboratory animals, esp. mice and rodents, limiting the quantity of food ingested, while maintaining adequate levels of essential nutrients, prolongs life. Calorie restriction in humans decreases body mass index, improves serum lipid levels, and lowers blood pressure (with other potentially beneficial effects), but its effect on longevity is speculative.
See: calorie; Food Guide Pyramid; food requirements
References in periodicals archive ?
They had lived through the General Strike, world war, lockouts and times of semistarvation, when men had spirited sheep from the mountainside to slaughter surreptitiously for food.
In a landmark study on the effects of long-term semistarvation during World War II, Keys, Brozek, Henschel, Mickelson, and Taylor (1950) found that when muscle mass was 100% recovered, body fat exceeded the prestarvation values by more than 75%.
But the Zionist-Israelis are stumped, because everything they have tried since the 1940s has not worked -- occupation, ethnic cleansing, massacres, curfews, walls, drones, massive military destruction, sieges, semistarvation, forced exile, regular assassinations, mass incarceration, the demolition of homes, refusing permits to build new homes, limiting access to water sources, restricting commercial flows, withholding collected tax monies, expanding Zionist colonies and settlements, Judaizing Jerusalem and other Palestinian places.
Keys A, Henschel A, Taylor LK: The size and function of the human heart at rest in semistarvation and in subsequent rehabilitation.
Protein-energy malnutrition in ESRD patients is linked to semistarvation, which is caused by inadequate calorie or protein intake (anorexia) and metabolic changes of a SIR that result in increased energy use and protein breakdown (Bistrian et al.
Before TPN was devised, death from semistarvation was inevitable for patients whose condition precluded use of the gastrointestinal tract for nutrition (Pomposelli & Bistrian, 1994).
While well spiced with provocative interdisciplinary interpellations--from Pierre Bourdieu's articulation of the logic of practice to contemporary medical studies of the effects of semistarvation on human bodies--this book remains dedicated to a critical analysis of ancient texts on their own terms.
Irritability, anxiety, depression, and other disturbing emotional reactions can result from the semistarvation associated with dieting (Keys, Biozek, Herschel, Michelson, & Taylor, 1950, Ross, 1994, Stunkard & Rush, 1974).
Eleven million women and one million men in the United States suffer from eating disorders--either self-induced semistarvation (anorexia nervosa) or a cycle of bingeing and purging with laxatives, self-induced vomiting, or excessive exercise (bulimia nervosa) (Dunn 1992; Fairburn, Cooper, and Cooper 1986).
Genuth SM, Castro JH, Vertes V: Weight reduction in obesity by outpatient semistarvation.
Additionally, the diagnosis of depression is complicated by the presence of semistarvation, which can mimic many of the symptoms of depression (e.