centrum semiovale

(redirected from Semioval center)
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cen·trum sem·i·o·va·'le

the great mass of white matter comprising the interior of the cerebral hemisphere; the name refers to the general shape of this white core in axial (horizontal) sections of the hemisphere.

centrum semiovale

The mass of white matter at the center of each cerebral hemisphere.
See also: centrum

Vicq d'Azyr,

Félix, French anatomist, 1748-1794.
Vicq d'Azyr bundle - a compact, thick bundle of nerve fibers that passes from the mamillary body to terminate in the anterior nucleus of the thalamus. Synonym(s): mamillothalamic fasciculus
Vicq d'Azyr centrum semiovale - the great mass of white matter composing the interior of the cerebral hemisphere. Synonym(s): centrum semiovale
Vicq d'Azyr foramen - a small triangular depression at the lower boundary of the pons that marks the upper limit of the median fissure of the medulla oblongata. Synonym(s): foramen cecum medullae oblongatae


Raymond de, French anatomist, 1641-1715.
valve of Vieussens - a prominent valve in the great cardiac vein where it turns around the obtuse margin to become the coronary sinus.
Vieussens annulus - Synonym(s): Vieussens ring
Vieussens ansa - Synonym(s): Vieussens loop
Vieussens centrum - the great mass of white matter composing the interior of the cerebral hemisphere. Synonym(s): centrum semiovale
Vieussens foramina - a number of fossae in the wall of the right atrium, containing the openings of minute intramural veins. Synonym(s): foramina of the venae minimae
Vieussens ganglia - the largest and highest group of prevertebral sympathetic ganglia, located on the superior part of the abdominal aorta, on either side of the origin of the celiac artery. Synonym(s): celiac ganglia
Vieussens isthmus - Synonym(s): Vieussens ring
Vieussens limbus - Synonym(s): Vieussens ring
Vieussens loop - a nerve cord connecting the middle cervical and stellate sympathetic ganglia, forming a loop around the subclavian artery. Synonym(s): ansa subclavia; Vieussens ansa
Vieussens ring - a muscular ring surrounding the fossa ovalis in the wall of the right atrium of the heart. Synonym(s): limbus fossae ovalis; Vieussens annulus; Vieussens isthmus; Vieussens limbus
Vieussens valve - the thin layer of white matter stretching between the two superior cerebellar peduncles forming the roof of the superior recess of the fourth ventricle. Synonym(s): superior medullary velum
Vieussens veins - the small superficial veins of the heart. Synonym(s): innominate cardiac veins
Vieussens ventricle - a slitlike, fluid-filled space of variable width between the left and right transparent septum. Synonym(s): cavity of septum pellucidum
References in periodicals archive ?
Ten days after the accident, DWI and T2-weighted MRI of the brain showed a high-signal focus in the left semioval center [Figure 1]d and [Figure 1]e.
Such restricted diffusion formed within 20 h after trauma and developed into confluent cytotoxic cerebral edema in the left semioval center by 10 days after trauma.
The second type of lesions is lacunar infarcts in the semioval center, thalamus, basal ganglia, and pons, while the third type is represented with cerebral microbleeds (CMBs).
Lacunar infarcts in CADASIL are localized within the semioval center, thalamus, basal ganglia and pons (Figure 4c, Figure 5a and Figure 5b) [33].
Transfontanellar Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated two hyperechogenic areas; one extended from the left ventricle to the semioval center, and the other was spread over the left frontobasal area as a result of an anterior cranial fossa invasion through the posterior ethmoid sinus.
An MRI revealed ischemic infarction in the left semioval center and multiple bilateral periventricular white matter (hyperintense) lesions in frontal, temporal and occipital horns, basal ganglia and external capsule.