was the most common reinforcement method described in the data set, which occurred in 13 studies (57%).
Differential effects of methylphenidate and self-reinforcement
on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
The purpose of this research was to establish a constitutive relation for elastomers and hydrogels exhibiting self-reinforcement
when exposed to large strains.
of operant self-control techniques was also demonstrated to decrease the need for Type A behaviors and to increase more adaptational self-control behaviors toward stressors (Nakano, 1990c).
To probe deeper into the process of human behavior motivation and the path that leads to escalation of commitment, we believe that an in-depth look at the self-reinforcement
process is merited.
Behaviorists would probably claim that "in situ" and self-reinforcement
procedures work to promote generalization because they place Sds for reinforcement/punishment in the situation where they want the desirable/undesirable behaviors to occur/not to occur.
The self-regulation procedures were self-monitoring, self-reinforcement
, self-monitoring plus reinforcement, and self-management.
These include behavior-specific self-efficacy, outcome efficacy (Bandura, 1991), susceptibility, severity (Van der Plight, 1996), behavior-specific health locus of control (Wallston, 1992), and self-reinforcement
(Heiby & Carlson, 1986).
SRSD instruction combines powerful academic strategies with self-regulation procedures -- goal setting, self-instructions, self-monitoring, and self-reinforcement
-- to promote learning that is student directed and controlled (Harris & Graham, 1996).
In the Wehmeyer model, the essential components to instruction are: choice making, decision making, problem solving, goal setting and attainment, self-observation skills, self-evaluation skills, self-reinforcement
skills, internal locus of control, positive attribution of efficacy and outcome expectancy, self-awareness, and self-knowledge.
of polymeric materials has received considerable attention.
A considerable body of literature indicates that self-monitoring coupled with self-reinforcement
exerts a potent effect on establishing, maintaining, or increasing the frequency of a target response (Agran, Fodor-Davis, Moore, & Deer, 1989; Albion & Salzberg, 1982; Bellamy, 1975; Bolstad & Johnson, 1972; Burgio, Whitman, & Johnson, 1980; Drabman, Spitalnick, & O'Leary, 1973; Glynn, 1970; Hughes & Peterson, 1989; McNally, Kompik, & Sherman, 1984; Ninnes, Fuerst, Rutherford, & Glenn, 1991; Sowers, Verdi, Bourbeau, & Sheehan, 1985).