enteric nervous system

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enteric nervous system

,

ENS

A division of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) arising from its own line of neural crest cells and composed of the tens of millions of neurons and their supporting cells inside the walls of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, and gallbladder. Although the enteric nervous system is innervated (and modulated) by sympathetic and parasympathetic axons from the other divisions of the ANS, the enteric nervous system also acts independently. Reflex activities (e.g., maintaining gut wall tension and producing peristalsis) are initiated and coordinated via networks entirely inside the gut walls and organized via complex intrinsic ganglionated neural networks of two kinds: Auerbach's plexus and the submucous (Meissner's and Henle's) plexus lying between the circular and muscularis mucosae muscle layers.

enteric nervous system

A collection of neurons in the intestine that can function independently of the central nervous system and has been described as the ‘brain of the gut’. This system is responsible for intestinal motility including PERISTALSIS, the secretory function of the intestine, the control of blood flow in the intestinal wall and the regulation of intestinal immune and inflammatory reactions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Love and Sterling answer the questions many people have of the second brain and the ENS in a new Gut Psychology, and explore how to use both your head and gut brains to work together for a healthy life.
OPERA singer Russell Watson is to tour the UK this summer to celebrate his recovery from a second brain tumour.
A second brain system, which includes sensory and motor parts of the brain's outer layer, distinguishes one's own body and self from those of other creatures.
One time, I went in Total for a chamois leather and came out with a lesser second brain growing off my temple.
CSR (Cambridge Silicon Radio) today announced that its BlueCore(TM)01 single-chip Bluetooth solution is the basis of the second Brain Boxes(TM) product to achieve qualification from the Bluetooth Qualification Body (BQB).