figwort

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Related to Scrophulariaceae: Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae

figwort

Herbal medicine
A perennial shrub that contains flavonoids, resin and saponins, which is used topically for haemorrhoids, ulcers and wounds; it was formerly administered internally for tuberculosis and lymph node swelling.
 
Toxic effects
Figwort should not be used internally, given its intense purgative, emetic and cardioactive properties.

figwort,

n Latin name:
Scrophularia nodosa, Scrophularia ningpoensis; parts used: buds (dried), leaves (dried); uses: antiinflammatory, epidermal maladies, digestive disturbances, cardiac aid; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; patients with grave heart disease; can cause low heart rate, cardiac block, asystole, nausea, diarrhea. Also called
carpenter's square, kernelwort, rose-noble, scrofula plant, square stalk, stinking christopher, and
throatwort.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sapindaceae O I O O O O O Scrophulariaceae O I O O O O O O Not Identified Type 1 (ni1) I O O I O O O Not Identified Type 2 (ni2) O O O O O O O O O Not Identified Type 3 (ni3) I O O O O O O O Not Identified Type 4 (ni4) O O O O O (1: Aracatuba; 2.
San Marcos, Guatemala Familia Especies Asteraceae 24 Poaceae 9 Rosaceae 8 Lamiaceae 7 Apiaceae 5 Solanaceae 5 Hypnaceae 3 Onagraceae 3 Orobanchaceae 3 Pinaceae 3 Araliaceae 2 Asparagaceae 2 Dryopteridaceae 2 Ericaceae 2 Fabaceae 2 Geraniaceae 2 Rubiaceae 2 Pteridaceae 2 Scrophulariaceae 2 31 familias 1 c/u Total 50 familias 119 Genero Especies Salvia 5 Alchemilla 4 Bidens 4 Senecio 3 Solanum 3 Stevia 3 Arracacia 2 Bromus 2 Buddleja 2 Eryngium 2 Fuchsia 2 Geranium 2 Lamourouxia 2 Pinus 2 Piptochaetium 2 Polystichum 2 Verbesina 2 75 generos 1 c/u 92 generos 119 Division Especies Briophyta 6 Polypodiophyta 7 Pinophyta 4 Magnoliophyta 102 Total 119 Estrato Especies Herbaceo inferior 33 Altura 0.
Evidence for the polyphyly of the Scrophulariaceae based on chloroplast rbcL and ndhF sequences.
Familia Generos Especies Asteraceae 45 97 Poaceae 22 33 Brassicaceae 13 19 Fabaceae 9 18 Solanaceae 5 14 Malvaceae 3 14 Cactaceae 8 13 Caryophyllaceae 9 12 Plantaginaceae 2 12 Apiaceae 8 10 Scrophulariaceae 6 9 Amaranthaceae 6 8 Juncaceae 4 8 Pteridaceae 4 8 Lamiaceae 4 6 Valerianaceae 2 6 Cyperaceae 5 5 Boraginaceae 4 5 OTROS 79 106 Tabla 4.
Genus Family Order 1 Paulownia Bignoniaceae, Paulowniaceae Lamiales 2 Hymenosporum Pittosporaceae Apiales 3 Cotyledon Crassulaceae Saxifragales 4 Hebe Scrophulariaceae, Plantaginaceae Lamiales 5 Prunus Rosaceae, Amygdalaceae Rosales 6 Hypericum Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae Malpighiales 7 Kunzea Myrtaceae Myrtales 8 Primula Primulaceae Ericales 9 Citrus Rutaceae Sapindales 10 Eremophila Myoporaceae, Scrophulariaceae Lamiales 11 Nicotiana Solanaceae Solanales 12 Gossypium Malvaceae Malvales Genus Floral Formula 1 Paulownia [up arrow] K(5) [?
1 6 Acanthaceae Blechum pyramidatum 1 4 Malvaceae Anoda cristata 2 1 Fabaceae No identificada 1 2 Scrophulariaceae Angelonia 1 1 angustifolia Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus niruri 1 2 Solanaceae Physalis sp.
Scrophulariaceae Floyd (*) Kyllinga gracillima Miq.
Frey (Frey, 2003; Chiron & Castro, 2004; Frey, 2005a; Frey, 2005b); Ochnaceae, Luxemburgia mysteriosa Fraga & Feres (Fraga & Feres, 2007); Scrophulariaceae, Otacanthus fernandesii Ronse (Ronse, 2001).
El concepto de la circunscripcion de generos dentro de la familia Loganiaceae ha variado notablemente; anteriormente incluia unos 29 generos con 600 especies (Gibson, 1969); sin embargo, algunos generos han sido removidos y ubicados en otras familias como: Buddleja a Scrophulariaceae y Polypremum a Tetrachondraceae (Olmstead et al.
Braunblanquetia", un nuevo genero de Scrophulariaceae en Patagonia.
Las plantas mas visitadas fueron principalmente especies ornamentales pertenecientes a las familias Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Caprifoliaceae, Solanaceae y Scrophulariaceae.