scorpion

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scor·pi·on

(skōr'pē-ŏn),
A member of the order Scorpionida; includes the devil scorpion, Vejovis, and the hairy scorpion, Hadrurus.
[G. skorpios]
Drug slang A regionally popular street term for cocaine
Medical entomology A nocturnal arachnid found mostly in tropical and subtropical zones and in some temperate regions; scorpions most common in the US are Centruroides gertschi and C sculpturatus, which cause systemic disease through the cholinergic effects of their venom

scorpion

Medical entomology A nocturnal arachnid native to the hot, dry regions of the southwestern US and Mexico–the spp in Mexico are more toxic; scorpions most common in the US are Centruroides gertschi and C sculpturatus, which cause systemic disease through the cholinergic effects of their venom. See Scorpion sting.

scorpion

eight-legged, venomous arthropod of varying sizes but all possessing massive claws at the head and a flexible, segmented tail, which is carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back and has a sting in it. The neurotoxin produced causes severe pain and numbing at the site but there is not usually sufficient to cause paralysis of a human. There are several species, including Tityus, Centruroides, Androctonus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison between two methods of scorpion venom milking in Morocco.
Biochemical and Histopathological alterations induced in rats by Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom and its major neurotoxin Tityustoxin-I.
Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom and its toxins as tools for physiological studies.
Toxic peptides of scorpion venom may cause death of their victims (Mirakabadi et al.
Scorpion venom also causes hemorrhage, severe and mild necrosis and congestion (Deghani et al.
2012) and Abdoon and Fatani (2009) reported considerable decrease in hematocrit and RBC's count after envenomation by scorpion venom.
1997) elucidated that injection of scorpion venom cause mobilization of neutrophils from the bone marrow to the blood circulation in rats that caused neutrophilia which explained the release of norepinephrine and its action on a1-adrenoceptors.
It is concluded that scorpion venom cause drastic changes in the blood physiology which may leads to towards renal failure, hemolytic anemia by erythrocytes fragmentation, vasoconstriction in blood vessels, haemoglobinuria, pulmonary oedema, myocarditis and thromboleukopenia.
1970) the scorpion venom usually increases the membrane permeability to sodium by opening the voltage sensitive Na+ channels.
The pharmakokineticc of Hemiscorpiuslepturus scorpion venom and Raziantivenom following intramuscular administration in rat.
Pandinus imperator scorpion venom blocks voltage-gated potassium channels in nerve fibers.
Effects of Odontobuthus doriae scorpion venom on mouse sciatic nerve.