Scorpaenidae


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Scorpaenidae

Toxicology A family of venomous bony fish–eg, lionfish, and scorpion fish which contains 30 genera and 350 spp; they are considered to be the most dangerous of all fish in terms of number and severity of injuries to the groups–scuba divers, tropical fish fanciers–affected; the fish envenomate by erecting spines on their dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins that pierce the victim's flesh and release venom Clinical Intense local pain that peaks at 60-90 mins and persists for 8-12 hrs; other manifestations include erythema, ecchymosis, pallor, induration, swelling, edema, hypesthesia, anesthesia, paresthesia, N&V, regional lymphadenopathy, necrosis; the venom is a heat-labile protein that produces hypotension, vasodilation, muscular weakness, respiratory paralysis Treatment Immerse affected body part in hot water; antivenom is available

Scorpaenidae

(skor?pen'id-e) [L. Scorpaena, the type genus, fr Gr. skorpaina + -idae] See: scorpionfish
References in periodicals archive ?
1970a, b, 1971, 1972) and Johnson (1972) conducted a series of investigations on intraspecific variation in Sebastes alutus and other species of Sebastes, interspecific variation among Sebastes, and intergeneric variation within the Scorpaenidae, using electrophoresis of muscle proteins and several enzymatic systems.
Unidentified billfish Scorpaenidae, Scorpionfishes 148 Scorpaena spp.
Systematics, variation, distribution, and biology of the subgenus Sebastomus (Pisces, Scorpaenidae, Sebastes).