scleritis


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scleritis

 [sklĕ-ri´tis]
inflammation of the sclera. It may be superficial (episcleritis) or deep.
anterior scleritis inflammation of the sclera adjoining the limbus of the cornea.
posterior scleritis scleritis involving the retina and choroid.

scle·ri·tis

(sklē-rī'tis),
Inflammation of the sclera.

scleritis

/scle·ri·tis/ (sklĕ-ri´tis) inflammation of the sclera; it may involve the part adjoining the limbus of the cornea (anterior s.) or the underlying retina and choroid (posterior s.) .

scleritis

(sklə-rī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the sclera.

scle·rit′ic (-rĭt′ĭk) adj.

scleritis

[sklirī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, skleros, hard, itis, inflammation
an inflammation of the sclera.
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Nodular scleritis

scleritis

Ophthalmology Inflammation of sclera, most common in older adults Etiology Idiopathic, or associated with rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, metabolic disorders, infection, chemical or physical injury

scle·ri·tis

(skler-ī'tis)
Inflammation of the sclera.

scleritis

Inflammation of the SCLERA, usually as a feature of a general disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or as a complication of ophthalmic shingles (herpes zoster) or Wegener's granulomatosis. Treatment is with corticosteroid drugs often in the form of eyedrops.

scleritis 

Inflammation of the sclera, which in its severe necrotizing or in the posterior type may cause sight-threatening complications such as keratitis, uveitis, angle-closure glaucoma or optic neuropathy. It affects females more commonly than males in the fourth to sixth decades of life. Like episcleritis it has a tendency to recur. It is characterized by pain, which can be severe, redness, tearing and some patients may develop nodules (nodular scleritis). It is often associated with a systemic disease (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa, lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, syphilis, herpes zoster). It can involve part of the sclera, e.g. anterior scleritis (which is the most common, and it is classified as diffuse non-necrotizing or nodular non-necrotizing) or posterior scleritis. Treatment includes topical and systemic steroids and immunosuppressive drugs for very severe cases. See acute stromal keratitis; Brown's superior oblique tendon sheath syndrome.
necrotizing scleritis The most severe form of scleritis, much less common than the other types. About half the patients have one of the following diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa, systemic lupus erythematosus, or herpes zoster. It is characterized by pain, and white, avascular areas next to damaged areas through which one can see the brown colour of the underlying uveal tissue, and to congested areas of the sclera. In most cases visual acuity is decreased. The necrosis gradually spreads around the globe. Treatment typically consists of topical steroids, immunosuppressive agents and occasionally surgery to repair scleral or corneal perforation. See keratolysis; scleromalacia.
scleritis necroticans See scleromalacia.
posterior scleritis Inflammation of the sclera involving the posterior segment of the eye. The condition is often associated with a systemic disease (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis). It is characterized by pain and reduced visual acuity. The severity of the visual impairment depends on the involved tissue and its location. Signs include eyelid oedema, proptosis, limitation of ocular movements and, if anterior scleritis is present, redness. The ocular fundus may present disc swelling, choroidal folds, macular oedema and serous retinal detachment. Treatment consists mainly of systemic steroids and immunosuppressive agents. See choroidal folds.

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera. It may be superficial (episcleritis) or deep.

anterior scleritis
inflammation of the sclera adjoining the limbus of the cornea.
posterior scleritis
scleritis involving the retina and choroid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the ocular manifestations, scleritis and peripheral keratitis were found to be the most severe condition.
A change in treatment from etanercept to infliximab was effective to control scleritis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.
Tso's patent claims the use of astaxanthin across a wide range of eye diseases including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic neuropathy, cystoid macular edema, central retinal arterial and venous occlusion, glaucoma and inflammatory eye diseases such as retinitis, uveitis, iritis, keratitis and scleritis, all disease states common to eye insult by oxidative species such as free radicals.
A 68-year-old male presented with scleritis in the left eye, inflammation of the inner ear and chronic sinusitis.
The pattern of injection does not match the wedge-shaped inflammation of episcleritis or the depth of scleritis.
A 36-year old man presented with pain and redness in one eye which was diagnosed as scleritis of unknown etiology.
Migration of acetylated hemicellulose from capillary hemodialyzer to blood, causing scleritis and/or iritis.
Special Senses: rarely uveitis, scleritis or episcleritis.
1,2) The ocular surface is frequently affected and dry eye syndrome is the most common ophthalmic manifestation, followed by scleritis, episcleritis, anterior uveitis, and retinal vasculitis.