scientific method

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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
The points summarized in this set of slides, once again juxtaposed with pictures of the scientists, were that (1) the scientific thought process involves personalities as well as intellect, and we should know that scientists are human; (2) the key to a successful formulation of a scientific theory is effective communication and collaboration; (3) a true researcher should be open to critical discussions with both experts and nonexperts from within and outside the field; and (4) scientific thinking involves questioning established schools of thoughts and theories in order to make pathbreaking discoveries.
have developed new fundamental methods for teaching and assessing scientific thinking.
Students should be encouraged to take higher-level courses to prepare them for scientific thinking and methodology.
The aim of Styles (as he liked to call it) was to provide "a vision of the history of scientific thinking within European culture explored and controlled by argument and evidence" (p.
Shingo's Scientific Thinking Mechanism replaces the hope of the flash of creativity with a reliable and learnable habit-building approach.
Based on her historical/rhetorical analysis of communication of prevailing scientific thinking to the public and how such shifts influence new mothers, Koerber (communication and rhetoric, Texas Tech U.
Starting With Science: Strategies for Introducing Young Children to Inquiry provides a fact-based, hands-on activity approach to teaching science that goes beyond providing projects to spotlight those teaching techniques that help kids deepen their scientific thinking process overall.
The goal of the initiative titled Sonbola is to encourage the university's youth on scientific thinking and to generate as much constructive thinking as possible, which is achievable in our society by thinking of achieving more with less.
Papers are grouped in sections on science and society issues, the role of science and engineering in development, promoting scientific thinking among decision makers, and management and use of scientific knowledge.
Several of the remarks in these column would be questioned if they were presented in an exam on climatology, either because they would be regarded as factually incorrect or because they offer a distorted or, at best, only a partial view of current scientific thinking.
Diagrams, equations, and scientific discussions support teach brainteaser with a survey of scientific thinking and concepts, making this perfect for high school or general-interest collections seeking reinforcements to physics principles.
This was 'the shot heard around the world' 1882 Death of Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution revolutionised scientific thinking.

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