scientific method

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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
In The Power of International Theory, Fred Chernoff offers a powerful and long overdue defense of the utility of scientific analysis in foreign policy.
But using a combination of rigorous scientific analysis, years of professional experience, the European Football Yearbook and a pin this column exclusively revealed it would be the Czech side back in June 2002.
I believe that assessing this cultural phenomenon requires more of a sociological analysis than a technical or scientific analysis.
For example, undertaking a scientific analysis of how individuals learn at work, such as is done by Gerber (1998), is an important step toward designing effective training programs in today's workplaces.
From such references within some of the individual articles, the reader catches glimpses of Shearman as an inspiring teacher and as a scholar with knowledge broad enough to send some of his students into the archives, others into scientific analysis, and still others into more theoretical considerations.
Beane is the most visible and successful proponent of a new school of baseball thought and scientific analysis that for the last quarter century has been demonstrating, in voluminous detail and with caustic wit, that much of what you've always known about the national pastime is just plain bunk.
USDA based its decision to start the process for reopening the border to live animals less than 30 months of age on that risk analysis as well as its own scientific analysis of Canada's epidemiological investigation of the May 20 Alberta BSE case.
CORRECTION: This study, by the research arm of Planned Parenthood, mocks scientific analysis and extrapolates from extremely dubious assumptions.
Computer programming and scientific analysis aside, most modern businesses run on documents, spreadsheets, databases and presentations.
This could replace scientific analysis with prejudice and other non-scientific concerns that would do little to help consumers.
His political opponents are calling for him to submit his hair for scientific analysis following a court case on Friday in which he tried to stop a German news agency from repeating claims that his dark brown hair is really grey.
Rogue Wave SourcePro Analysis is a solutions for object oriented business and scientific analysis, containing a range of C++ components for solving mathematical problems in business and research.

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