Schmidt's syndrome

Schmidt's syndrome

 [shmits]
1. paralysis on one side, affecting the vocal cord, soft palate, trapezius muscle, and sternocleidomastoid muscle, due to a lesion of the nucleus ambiguus and the nucleus accessorius.
2. hypofunction of more than one endocrine gland, which may include the thyroid, adrenals, gonads, parathyroids, and endocrine pancreas, in any combination, along with nonendocrine abnormalities of presumed autoimmune origin, such as vitiligo, alopecia, and pernicious anemia; it occurs primarily in adult females.

Schmidt's syndrome1

[shmits]
Etymology: Adolf Schmidt, German physician, 1865-1918
paralysis on one side, affecting the vocal cord, the soft palate, the trapezius muscle, and the sternocleidomastoid muscle, resulting from a lesion in the brain. Also called vagoaccessory syndrome.

Schmidt's syndrome2

Etymology: Martin Benno Schmidt, German pathologist, 1863-1949

Schmidt's syndrome

see polyglandular syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical components of Schmidt's syndrome (APS2) (a) Disorder Prevalence Addison's Disease 100% Autoimnmne thyroid disease (b) 70-80% Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus 30-50% Hypogonadal conditions 5-50 Atrophic gastritis 10 Vitiligo 10 Pernicious anemia 5 Chronic hepatitis 4 Increased Incidence [less than or equal to] 1 Hypophysitis Alopecia Sjogren's syndrome Myasthenia gravis Thrombocytopenic purpura Rheumatoid arthritis (a) Data from References 1-3, 7, and 8.
Type II, often called Schmidt's syndrome, usually afflicts young adults.