We believe that, in general, strategic behavior is often well described as scheduling; hence, if suitable performance criteria can be identified, scheduling theory will provide a normative model for strategic behavior.
Scheduling theory can provide normative benchmarks against which to measure behavior in complex tasks when mere reaction time and error scores are inadequate.
Scheduling theory may help in this case to find a heuristic solution that is acceptably close to the optimum.
If that is not the case, then scheduling theory can help to formulate a model of the system that defines the data needs, such that the data may then be collected or estimated.
To derive the description of the task requires a classical task analysis guided by the conceptual categories of scheduling theory.
1979) is suited for building a taxonomy of scheduling systems that will serve our purpose of introducing scheduling theory as a tool for research on strategic behavior.
Thus we identify a person with the machine of classical scheduling theory and identify a task with a job.
We will leave to others or to a later paper the possibility of extending the model to finer levels of cognitive analysis of mental tasks, although one example of how scheduling theory could be applied to a dynamic attention task will be briefly outlined.
In order to apply scheduling theory to behavioral research, we need to show the equivalence of aspects of the latter to processes as normally defined in scheduling literature.
One problem in developing the analogy between scheduling theory and behavioral theory is the varied use of technical terms.
In applying scheduling theory to strategic behavior, it should be noted that the description of the scheduling problem may alter during different phases of a mission.