Sassafras albidum


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sassafras

Herbal medicine
A deciduous tree, the bark of which is antiseptic, diaphoretic and diuretic. It was regarded by Native Americans as a blood purifier; in herbal medicine, it was used topically for syphilis, abscesses, acne, poison ivy and poison oak, and internally for colic and rheumatic complaints.

Toxicity
Carcinogenic and hepatotoxic in rats due to safrole; it is listed by the FDA as “unsafe”. Sassafras oil and raw bark should not be used internally.

Sassafras albidum,

n See sassafras.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, without fire many Oak Woodlands (and Oak Forests) changed in composition as less fire resistant species such as Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, and Sassafras albidum increased in abundance.
Ethanol extracts of barks of Carya ovata, Quercus rubra, Acer saccharum, Juglans nigra and Sassafras albidum all inhibited seed germination of Rhus radicans (Tukey hsd multiple comparisons; Table 4).
Four species (Rhus copallinum, Liquidamber styraciflua, Sassafras albidum, and Diospyros virginiana) occurred in all three plots.
It follows that replacement appears likely for the principal shade-tolerant canopy species Acer saccharum, Prunus serotina, Sassafras albidum, and Fraxinus americana (Table 1).
Number of stems Species Dry Floodplain Upland Acer saccharum 85 1 Ulmus americana 1 Fraxinus quadrangulata 23 Aesculus glabra 3 2 Fraxinus americana 8 Prunus serotina 10 Lonicera mackii Carya cordiformis 1 Ulmus rubra Crataegus punctata 2 Cornus drummondii 2 Viburnum prunifolium 6 Celtis occidentalis 4 1 Ostrya virginiana 4 Fagus grandifolia 2 2 Asimina triloba 4 Lindera benzoin 4 Sumbucus canadensis 4 Crataegus mollis Acer negundo Cercis canadensis Eleagnus umbellata Quercus muhlenbergii Sassafras albidum Vitis spp.
cinerea 1998 Shortleaf pine Pinus echinata 12289 Pin oak Quercus palustris 1383 Post oak Quercus stellata 52676 Sassafras Sassafras albidum 90 Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 1343 White oak Quercus alba 53614 TABLE 2.
White oak had the highest mortality followed by Sassafras albidum (sassafras), Ulmus americana (American elm), and black gum.
Dominants consisted primarily of species of the overstory, exceptions being Ilex vomitoria, Cornus florida, Ulmus alata, and Sassafras albidum.
Betula allegheniensis, Fagus grandifolia, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Liriodendron tulipifera, Nyssa sylvatica and Sassafras albidum were infrequent locally.