Typing of sandflies
flora Greece and Cyprus by DNA polymorphism of 18S rRNA gene.
For the bioassay of sandflies
for the aroma from plant parts sandflies
<24 h old are introduced into a plastic box (35 x 30 x 15 cm) with a layer of plaster of paris at the bottom and a suitable net cover.
A total of 206 female sandflies
from these collections were screened for infections of Leishmania species by nested PCR.
Dry farm lands are important with respect to agricultural activities, which may result in the provision of suitable breeding places for sandflies
, and the role of sparse forest can be debated with respect to the abundance of leaf-falling trees, e.
were collected on sticky papers (A4 sheets of white paper soaked in castor oil) placed overnight in ruined outhouses, inside houses, domestic animal shelters, gaps on stony walls and at the entrances to gerbil burrows (1 paper per burrow; papers: 2-10 m apart, 30-40 per site, over a range of 120-200 m at each site).
TOSV strains were obtained from 2 pools of sandflies
trapped in September 2010, T152 and T166, consisting of 30 males and 30 females, respectively.
were collected using sticky traps (Castor oil-coated white papers 20 cm x 30 cm) biweekly from indoors (bedrooms, guest room, toilet and table) and outdoors (rodent burrows).
Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908, in Carinthia: first record of the occurrence of sandflies
in Austria (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae).
It is clear that the body areas which are not covered are more exposed to bites of sandflies
This survey was conducted during the summer 2010 and sandflies
were originated from the rural district of Badrood, Natanz county, Esfahan province, central Iran.
The fact that the female sandflies
die while oviposition or shortly after a common obstacle in the laboratory maintenance of this species (27), and interfere in the successful experimental infection and transmission of diseases.
has been found in Italy (9), and northward spread of the proven sandfly vector Ph.