Sampling strategies for phlebotomine sand flies
(Diptera: Psychodidae) in Europe.
We record the collection data of sand flies
, including their geographical distribution, past and present taxonomic arrangement, and related information.
immatures stages have been found in a wide range of ecotopes and many species of sand flies
employ rodent burrows, on buttress roots of trees in Panama, in termite hills in Kenya, in caves and rocks in East Africa and in the earthen floor of human habitations (Feliciangeli, 2004).
A proposal of generic and subgeneric abbreviations for Phlebotomine sand flies
(Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) of the World.
The next step is to evaluate these chemicals against sand flies
and to determine if one is better than the others.
These are good breeding places and shelters for sand flies
but only good shelters for mosquitoes.
The sand flies
do not make noise and they are about 1/3 the size of a mosquito, very small.
were collected using sticky traps [Castor Oil-Coated white papers 20 Cm x 30 Cm] biweekly from selected villages indoors [bedrooms, guest room, toilet and stable] and outdoors (rodent burrow).
Female phlebotomine sand flies
(Diptera: Psychodidae) transmit many zoonotic diseases (arboviruses, bartonelloses and leishmaniasis) of importance of human health in at least 80 countries (Alexander and Maroli, 2003; Siddiki et al.
It's 38C, I've been bitten to death by sand flies
, I've crashed repeatedly off the strip of concrete tagliatelle known as the "bike trail", we are now several kilometres into the forest, and I'm wondering quite what possessed us.
Infestations of mosquitoes and sand flies
were also causing problems yesterday as troops ferried desperately-needed supplies to the worst-hit.
Specific insects carry specific diseases, the report notes: "kissing bugs carry Chagas' disease [which leads to swelling and pontential life-threatening heart and digestive disorders], mosquitoes bring malaria and sand flies
transmit leishmaniasis [resulting in large skin sores that can later bring spleen and liver damage].