salt

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salt

 [sawlt]
1. any compound of a base and an acid.
3. in the plural, a saline cathartic.
bile s's glycine or taurine conjugates of bile acids, which are formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents that break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
buffer salt a salt in the blood that is able to absorb slight excesses of acid or alkali with little or no change in the hydrogen ion concentration.
Epsom salt magnesium sulfate.
Glauber's salt sodium sulfate.
oral rehydration s's (ORS) a dry mixture of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, dextrose, and either sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate; dissolved in water for use in oral rehydration therapy.
smelling s's aromatic ammonium carbonate, a stimulant and restorative.

salt

(sawlt),
1. A compound formed by the interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid are replaced by the positive ion of the base.
2. Sodium chloride, the prototypical salt. Synonym(s): table salt
3. A saline cathartic, especially magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or Rochelle salt; often denoted by the plural, salts.
Synonym(s): sal
[L. sal]

salt

(sawlt)
1. sodium chloride, or common salt.
2. any compound of a base and an acid; any compound of an acid some of whose replaceable atoms have been substituted.
3. in the plural, a saline cathartic.

bile salts  conjugates of glycine or taurine with bile acids, formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents that break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
Epsom salt  magnesium sulfate.
Glauber's salt  sodium sulfate.
oral rehydration salts  (ORS) a dry mixture of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, dextrose, and either sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate; dissolved in water for use in treatment of dehydration.
smelling salts  aromatized ammonium carbonate; stimulant and restorative.

salt

(sôlt)
n.
1. A colorless or white crystalline solid, chiefly sodium chloride, used as a food seasoning and preservative.
2. A chemical compound replacing all or part of the hydrogen ions of an acid with metal ions or electropositive radicals.
3. salts Any of various mineral salts, such as magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or potassium sodium tartrate, used as laxatives or cathartics.
4. salts Smelling salts.
5. salts Epsom salts.

salt

[sôlt]
Etymology: L, sal
1 a compound formed by the chemical reaction of an acid and a base. Salts are usually composed of a metal cation and a nonmetal anion.
2 sodium chloride (common table salt).
3 a substance, such as magnesium sulfate (Epsom salt), used as a purgative.

SALT

Abbreviation for:
serum alanine aminotransferase
skin-associated lymphoid tissue
speech and language therapist 
speech and language therapy 
Swedish Aspirin Low-dose Trial

SALT

Oncology
1. Sequential aggressive local therapy.
2. Skin-associated lymphoid tissue. See MALT.

salt

(sal) (sawlt)
1. A compound formed by the interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid being replaced by the positive ion of the base.
2. Sodium chloride, the prototypical salt.
3. A saline cathartic, especially magnesium sulfate, magnesium citrate, or sodium phosphate; often denoted by the plural, salts.
[L. sal]

salt

1. Any substance that dissociates in solution into ions of opposite charge.
2. Common salt, sodium chloride (NaCl).

salt

(sawlt)
1. Compound formed by interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid are replaced by the positive ion of the base.
2. Sodium chloride.
[L. sal]

SALT

see skin-associated lymphoid tissues.

salt

1. any compound of a base and an acid.
2. salts, a saline purgative. See also sodium chloride.

bile s's
glycine or taurine conjugates of bile acids, which are formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents which break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
salt brine
strong solution of common salt used to pickle meat and other human foods. Sodium chloride is the biggest component but large quantities of nitrate are usually present and represent a greater toxicity hazard than does the salt.
buffer salt
a salt in the blood that is able to absorb slight excesses of acid or alkali with little or no change in the hydrogen ion concentration.
common salt
see sodium chloride.
salt gland
nasal gland in birds.
salt hunger
common in circumstances in which animals are derived of any salt; manifested by leather chewing, earth eating, coat licking and urine drinking.
salt lick
1. naturally occurring deposit of salt in the form of a shallow pan that wild and domestic animals can share by licking.
2. a prepared mixture of salt with other minerals added, the composition varying with the local nutritional deficiency but the common additive is one containing phosphorus. The cattle or sheep are encouraged to lick by the taste of the salt and serendipitously acquire the other minerals. May be loose and put out in containers covered against the weather or formed into blocks that resist rain erosion and are fitted into holders fixed to buildings or free-standing in the pasture. See also mineral-salt mixture.
Rochelle salt
potassium sodium tartrate, a cathartic.
salt sick
see copper nutritional deficiency.
smelling s's
aromatic ammonium carbonate, a stimulant and restorative.
salt tolerant
capable of surviving in a high concentration of salt, e.g. some bacteria, including staphylococci.

Patient discussion about salt

Q. What steps do you take when your physician says your sodium is low

A. Drugs That May Be Prescribed By Your Doctor for Hyponatremia(low sodium):

Sodium levels must be corrected carefully. If your blood test results indicate you have a very low sodium level, your healthcare provider will cautiously correct the levels, to a "safe level."

Intravenous (IV) fluids with a high-concentration of sodium, and/or diuretics to raise your blood sodium levels.

Loop Diuretics - also known as "water pills" as they work to raise blood sodium levels, by making you urinate out extra fluid. The fluid that is lost (called "free water") is usually replaced with an IV solution that contains a high level of sodium.

A common example of this type of medication is Furosemide (e.g Lasix). You may receive this medication alone or in combination with other medications.

More discussions about salt
References in periodicals archive ?
As the water slowly boiled away and the delicate salt crystals started to form, we knew we'd struck culinary gold," David says.
Fluid inclusions have been found inside salt crystals ranging in age from thousands to hundreds of millions years old.
When the sugar and salt crystals dissolve in the water, they break down into hundreds of thousands of tiny particles you can't even see.
It is likely to suggest approaches like using salt crystals of different sizes and shapes and replacing some salt with herbs, spices, potassium chloride, amino acids, and more.
Here's what you should do after every saltwater trip: Strip off the fly line at your feet if standing in the yard, and hose off the coils, or strip the line into a bucket or tub of fresh water, to remove salt crystals and loose dirt.
The film was shot in 58 days with both professional and non-professional actors in beautiful countryside by Lake Orumieh, which is dotted with rocky islets covered with salt crystals.
The name of the installation, Fleur de Sel, reflects the delicate light salt crystals which can be skimmed off the surface of sea water.
Sea salts range in color from pure white to red and include sel gris (grey salt), Hawaiian sea salt and very expensive fleur de sel (flower of salt), which are very fine salt crystals hand-harvested from only the top layer, often from salt marshes.
Some chefs, however, feel the texture and color of gourmet salt is lost while cooking, and that it is best saved for a finishing touch where the unique crunch and color of various salt crystals is more noticeable.
Bula Matari - turning science into art, by Pamela Schilderman, is on show until July 27, and consists of an array of salt crystals created over two years using ordinary table salt and food colouring.
Don't use regular table salt: the small crystals of table salt dissolve faster than the larger Pock salt crystals, and the cream mixture won't freeze.