salp

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salp

a free-living planktonic TUNICATE with no larval stage. The nervous system is degenerate and the gill clefts lack longitudinal bars.
References in periodicals archive ?
In experiments at the Liquid Jungle Lab in Panama, Kelly Sutherland, then a graduate student in the MIT/WHOI Joint Program, and colleagues put salps in water containing different-size food particles--in concentrations representing those in the ocean.
According to a report in the Sydney Morning Herald, the jellyfish-like animals are known as salps and their main food is phytoplankton (marine algae), which absorbs the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide in the top level of the ocean, which in turn comes from the atmosphere.
The salps and doliolids (Thaliacea), closely related to ascidians, also undergo a metamorphosis through which the notochord (if initially formed at all) is lost, but they maintain a pelagic life, in some cases as colonial forms (Bone, 1998).
Benign associations have been described for thraustochytrids with salps, sea urchins, corals, hydroids, and sponges (Raghukumar 1988, Frank et al.
Long-term decline in krill stock and increase in salps within the Southern Ocean, Nature," vol.
Zooplankton such as salps, a kind of chordate jellyfish that feed by pumping seawater through their gelatinous bodies and straining out the nutrients, ingest bits of plastic far too small to catch an albatross's eye.
29) This scheme is based on research by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute which has measured the high degree of carbon sequestration in the excreta of salps over a 100,000 square kilometre region.
Salps are also known to dine on krill larvae as they rise through the water column to reach the sea ice.
It includes bony fish (such as mackerel, tuna, anchovies, herrings, sardines, flying fish, ocean sunfish, swordfish, marlins, sailfish, barracudas), cartilaginous fish (such as blue sharks, dusky sharks, hammerhead sharks, dogfish, cat sharks, eagle rays), sea turtles, small cetaceans, pinnipeds, squid, pelagic red crab, salps, porifera, and birds.
The grouping of prey species, genera, or families rendered 14 food groups, as follows: Mollusks, Amphipods, Copepods, Stomatopods, Penaeus vannamei, Brachiuran Larvae, Stomatopods Larvae, Family Albuneidae Larvae, Other crustaceans, Anchoa ischana, Anchoa lucida, Other fisbes, Salps and Unidentified organic matter.
Tanner (1835-1906) was making familiar entries of salps, foraminifera, globigerina, large red crabs, starfish, squid, "coral growth," barnacles, and lobsters, reflecting the growing interest of all in that portion of the harvest.
The remaining 5% of the zooplankton community was composed of cladocerans, ostracods, doliolids, polychaete larvae, medusae, fish eggs, ctenophores, salps, cephalopod paralarvae, bivalves, isopods, appendicularians, pyrosomes, mysiids, heteropods and echinoderms larvae, stomatopods and cirripeds.