Salmonella typhimurium

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Salmonella typhimurium

A species frequently isolated from persons having acute gastroenteritis.
See also: Salmonella


Daniel Elmer, U.S. pathologist, 1850-1914.
Salmonella enteritidis - Synonym(s): Gärtner bacillus
Salmonella gallinarum - occasionally causes food poisoning or gastroenteritis.
Salmonella hirschfeld - a species causing enteric fever.
Salmonella paratyphi - a species causing enteric fever.
Salmonella schottmulleri - a species causing enteric fever. Synonym(s): Schottmueller bacillus
Salmonella typhi - Synonym(s): Eberth bacillus
Salmonella typhimurium - a species causing food poisoning.


a genus of gram-negative, non-lactose fermenting, medium-sized, rod-shaped, bacteria, members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, most species having flagella and pili. The genus contains one species which has been divided into seven subgroups and a very large number of serotypes. Most species pathogenic for warm-blooded animals are in subgroup I (S. enterica). Subgroups IIIa (S. salamae) and IIIb (S. arizonae) include some species occasionally pathogenic for animals and birds. The salmonella include the typhoid-paratyphoid bacilli and bacteria usually pathogenic for lower animals but which are often transmitted to humans. They cause salmonellosis which has a number of manifestations and some are specific causes of abortion.

Salmonella abortusequi
causes abortion in horses.
Salmonella abortusovis, Salmonella montevideo
cause abortion in sheep.
Salmonella arizonae
the name now applied to subgroup IIIa, these organisms cause severe enteritis and septicemia in chicks and turkey poults.
Salmonella bovismorbificans
causes enteritis in cattle and horses.
Salmonella choleraesuis biotype Kunzendorf
causes septicemic and enteric salmonellosis of swine. Called the hog cholera bacillus because of the similarity of the clinical diseases.
Salmonella dublin
causes septicemia, meningitis, enteritis and abortion in cattle and abortion in sheep.
Salmonella enteriditis
a common cause of gastroenteritis in humans. Recorded also in most domestic animal species and fowl.
Salmonella gallinarum
causes fowl typhoid.
Salmonella heidelberg
an occasional isolate in horses.
Salmonella pullorum
Salmonella typhimurium
DT 104 R-types ACSSuT infects all animal species and humans, but particularly cattle and in many countries DT104 (determinant type/phage type 104) has emerged to be the most common phage type of S. typhimurium. Of concern as it is resistant to many of the commonly used antibiotics including ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulphonamides, and tetracyclines (R-type ACSSuT). Some have also developed resistance to trimethoprim and to quinolone antibiotics (R-type ACSSUTTm and ACSSuTCP). The causative agent of mouse typhoid and of food poisoning in humans. Causes outbreaks of enteritis in most species, often related to rodent infestation. The cause of fowl paratyphoid.
Salmonella typhisuis
an uncommon isolate in pigs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inoculation of broiler chicks with a continuous-flow derived bac terial culture facilitates early cecal bacterial colonization and increases resistance to Salmonella typhimurium.
Poultry isolate Salmonella Typhimurium strain (3232) was used in present study showed characteristic biochemical, morphological and serological characteristics.
The application of Salmonella typhimurium biotyping method to the epidemiological surveys and surveillance.
Previous studies indicated that daunomycin induced frameshift mutations in the bacterium Salmonella typhimurium (cf.
We detected core-genome SNPs in the entire isolate collection by using the complete genome of Salmonella Typhimurium 14028S (ST19) as the reference genome.
Conclusion: This is the first study of its kind in Iran to determine the sequence types of the clinical isolates of Salmonella Typhimurium in Tehran hospitals using MLST.
The administration of alkaloid Sambiloto began at the second day after infecting with Salmonella typhimuriumand it was able to substitute the role of IFN[gamma] in replacing the body's immune response in both enhancing the immune response, that are nonspecific in the form of increased responsiveness of leukocytes, especially the role of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in phagocyte and it also directly started working against infectious microorganisms that enter the body such as Salmonella typhimurium which is an infectious agent [13].
Los dos serotipos mas frecuentemente aislados de cuyes son Salmonella Typhimurium y Salmonella Enteritidis (Fish et al, 1968; Morales, 2012; Bartholomew et al.
Antibacterial activity of AA was nearly equal to standard against Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholera and Salmonella typhimurium.
The most frequently incriminated serovars in human illness were Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium [7].
Salmonella typhimurium is one of the most commonly isolated serovar in clinical practice (Fabrega et al.