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Related to Salmonella enteritidis: Staphylococcal enteritis
Etymology: Daniel E. Salmon; Gk, enteron, intestine
a species of Salmonella causing food poisoning and gastroenteritis in humans.
A species that commonly causes gastrointestinal infections. Approx. 10% to 20% of food poisoning cases are caused by S. enteritidis. The organism lives in the ovaries of chickens and contaminates eggs before the shells are formed. The infection is passed to humans when they eat raw eggs (e.g., in homemade ice cream, salad dressings, eggnog) or cooked eggs in which the yolk is still runny. It also lives in the intestinal tracts of animals and may be found in water or meat that is contaminated with feces and is inadequately washed and cooked. Infants, elderly persons, and immunocompromised patients are at greatest risk. See: diarrhea; raw egg; enterocolitis
See also: Salmonella
Salmon,Daniel Elmer, U.S. pathologist, 1850-1914.
Salmonella enteritidis - Synonym(s): Gärtner bacillus
Salmonella gallinarum - occasionally causes food poisoning or gastroenteritis.
Salmonella hirschfeld - a species causing enteric fever.
Salmonella paratyphi - a species causing enteric fever.
Salmonella schottmulleri - a species causing enteric fever. Synonym(s): Schottmueller bacillus
Salmonella typhi - Synonym(s): Eberth bacillus
Salmonella typhimurium - a species causing food poisoning.